|Titre :||A cross-sectional study: Nitrous oxide abuse in Parisian medical students (2023)|
|Auteurs :||L. COHEN ; D. DUROY ; A. PEROZZIELLO ; A. SASPORTES ; M. LEJOYEUX ; P. A. GEOFFROY|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||American Journal on Addictions (Vol.32, n°1, January 2023)|
|Article en page(s) :||60-65|
|Discipline :||EPI (Epidémiologie / Epidemiology)|
Thésaurus GéographiqueFRANCE ; VILLE DE PARIS
Thésaurus TOXIBASEETUDE TRANSVERSALE ; PROTOXYDE D'AZOTE ; ABUS ; MILIEU ETUDIANT ; MEDECINE ; JEUNE ADULTE ; PREVALENCE
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Nitrous oxide (N2O) has euphoric properties, which are associated with an alarming increasing misuse. A lack of data exists regarding medical students. The objectives are: (i) evaluate the prevalence of N2O use and N2O use disorder (NUD) among French medical students, (ii) assess whether education about addictions has an impact on consumption, (iii) draw up clinical profiles of N2O users with or without NUD, (iv) identify factors associated with use and NUD.
METHODS: A cross-sectional study among medical students at Université de Paris, using an online questionnaire.
RESULTS: Out of the 981 medical students (29% of the total medical students) who completed the questionnaire, 80% had used N2O. 19% had a mild use disorder, 4% moderate, and 1% severe. N2O use was significantly associated with the use of poppers (p < .0005), alcohol (p < .0005), and cocaine (p = .004). Factors significantly associated with NUD were alcohol use disorder (p = .017), male gender (p = .006), and being part of a student association (p = .0130).
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: This survey shows a high prevalence of N2O use and NUD among medical students. It could be explained by the N2O pharmacokinetic profile or by a perception of "harmlessness." We also identified associated risk factors that may be useful to better identify and treat students seeking help.
SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: This is the first study to evaluate the use of this product among medical students. The evaluation of factors impacting use and dependence is also new in this population, which is at risk of misuse of substances.
|Domaine :||Autres substances / Other substances|
|Refs biblio. :||29|
Département de psychiatrie et d'addictologie, AP-HP, GHU Paris Nord, DMU Neurosciences, Hôpital Bichat, Paris, France
Department of Psychiatry, GHU Paris-Psychiatry & Neurosciences, Paris, France
Strategy and Business Policy Department, HEC Paris, Jouy-en-Josas, France
Université de Paris, NeuroDiderot, Paris, France