|"There's a lot of stereotypes going on": A cross-national qualitative analysis of the place of gender in declining youth drinking (2022)
|A. PENNAY ; J. TORRONEN ; M. D. HEROLD ; L. FENTON ; S. MACLEAN ; G. CALUZZI ; H. FAIRBROTHER ; V. A. FRANK ; E. SAMUELSSON ; J. HOLMES
|Type de document :
|Article : Périodique
|International Journal of Drug Policy (Vol.108, October 2022)
|Article en page(s) :
|SHS (Sciences humaines et sociales / Humanities and social sciences)
Thésaurus mots-clésETUDE QUALITATIVE ; ALCOOL ; JEUNE ; ADOLESCENT ; REDUCTION DE CONSOMMATION ; DIFFERENCE DE GENRE ; TYPE D'USAGE ; COMPARAISON ; PERFORMANCE ; ABSTINENCE
Thésaurus géographiqueAUSTRALIE ; DANEMARK ; SUEDE ; ROYAUME-UNI
Introduction: Significant declines in drinking among young people have been recorded in many high-income countries over the past 20 years. This analysis explored the role of gender - which we interpret as socially constructed and relational - to provide insight into whether and how gender might be implicated in declining youth drinking.
Methods: Interview data from four independent qualitative studies from Australia, Denmark, Sweden and the UK (n=194; participants aged 15-19 years) were analysed by researchers in each country following agreement about analytical focus. Findings were collated by the lead author in a process of 'qualitative synthesis' which involved successive rounds of data synthesis and feedback from the broader research team.
Findings: Our analysis raised two notable points in relation to the role of gender in declining youth drinking. The first concerned the consistency and vehemence across three of the countries at which drinkers and states of intoxication were pejoratively described in gendered terms (e.g., bitchy, sleazy). The second related to the opportunities non- and light-drinking offered for expressing alternate and desirable configurations of femininities and masculinities.
Conclusions: We identified an intolerance towards regressive constructions of gender that emphasise weakness for women and strength for men and a valorisation of gendered expressions of maturity through controlled drinking. Though subtle differences in gendered drinking practices between and within countries were observed, our findings offer insight into how young people's enactions of gender are embedded in, and evolve alongside, these large declines in youth drinking.
• Drawing on data from four countries we explored the role of gender in declining youth drinking.
• Heavy drinkers and states of intoxication were described in gendered pejorative terms.
• Light/moderate drinking offered opportunities for reshaping normative gendered drinking practices.
• Subtle differences in gendered drinking practices were observed between and within countries.
• Our findings offer insight into how performances of gender are embedded in declining youth drinking.
|Alcool / Alcohol
|Centre for Alcohol Policy Research, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia