|Titre :||Housing First for homeless people with severe mental illness: extended 4-year follow-up and analysis of recovery and housing stability from the randomized Un Chez Soi d'Abord trial (2022)|
|Auteurs :||S. LOUBIERE ; C. LEMOINE ; M. BOUCEKINE ; L. BOYER ; V. GIRARD ; A. TINLAND ; P. AUQUIER ; FRENCH HOUSING FIRST STUDY GROUP|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences (Vol.31, 2022)|
|Article en page(s) :||e14|
|Discipline :||EPI (Epidémiologie / Epidemiology)|
Thésaurus mots-clésSANS ABRI ; ETUDE RANDOMISEE ; LOGEMENT ; GUERISON ; PSYCHOPATHOLOGIE ; PROGRAMME ; ALCOOL ; PRODUIT ILLICITE
AIMS: Housing First (HF), a recovery-oriented approach, was proven effective in stabilising housing situations of homeless individuals with severe mental disorders, yet had limited effectiveness on recovery outcomes on a short-term basis compared to standard treatment. The objective was to assess the effects of the HF model among homeless people with high support needs for mental and physical health services on recovery, housing stability, quality of life, health care use, mental symptoms and addiction issues on 4 years of data from the Un Chez Soi d'Abord trial.
METHODS: A multicentre randomised controlled trial was conducted from August 2011 to April 2018 with intent-to-treat analysis in four French cities: Lille, Marseille, Paris and Toulouse. Participants were homeless or precariously-housed patients with a DSM-IV-TR diagnosis of bipolar disorder or schizophrenia. Two groups were compared: the HF group (n = 353) had immediate access to independent housing and support from the assertive community treatment team; the Treatment-As-Usual (TAU) group (n = 350) had access to existing support and services. Main outcomes were personal recovery (Recovery Assessment Scale (RAS) scale), housing stability, quality of life (S-QoL), global physical and mental status (Medical Outcomes Study 36-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36)), inpatient days, mental symptoms (Modified Colorado Symptom Index (MCSI)) and addictions (Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) and Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT)). Mixed models using longitudinal and cluster designs were performed and adjusted to first age on the street, gender and mental disorder diagnosis. Models were tested for time × group and site × time interactions.
RESULTS: The 703 participants [123 (18%) female] had a mean age of 39 years (95% CI 38.0-39.5 years). Both groups improved RAS index from baseline to 48 months, with no statistically significant changes found between the HF and TAU groups over time. HF patients exhibited better autonomy (adjusted beta = 2.6, 95% CI 1.2-4.1) and sentimental life (2.3, 95% CI 0.5-4.1), higher housing stability (28.6, 95% CI 25.1-32.1), lower inpatient days (-3.14, 95% CI -5.2 to -1.1) and improved SF-36 mental composite score (-0.8, 95% CI -1.6 to -0.1) over the 4-year follow-up. HF participants experienced higher alcohol consumption between baseline and 48 months. No significant differences were observed for self-reported mental symptoms or substance dependence.
CONCLUSION: Data at 4 years were consistent with 2-year follow-up data: similar improvement in personal recovery outcomes but higher housing stability, autonomy and lower use of hospital services in the HF group compared to the TAU group, with the exception of an ongoing alcohol issue. These sustained benefits support HF as a valuable intervention for the homeless patients with severe mental illness.
TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01570712.
|Domaine :||Alcool / Alcohol ; Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
|Affiliation :||School of Medicine - La Timone Medical Campus, Aix-Marseille University, UR 3279: CEReSS - Health Service Research and Quality of Life Center, Marseille, France|