|Titre :||Predictors of using social media to purchase drugs in New Zealand: Findings from a large-scale online survey (2021)|
|Auteurs :||R. VAN DER SANDEN ; C. WILKINS ; J. S. ROMEO ; M. RYCHERT ; M. J. BARRATT|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||International Journal of Drug Policy (Vol.98, December 2021)|
|Article en page(s) :||art. 103430|
|Discipline :||MAR (Marchés / Markets)|
Thésaurus GéographiqueNOUVELLE ZELANDE
Thésaurus TOXIBASERESEAUX SOCIAUX ; ACHAT ; INTERNET ; ENQUETE ; MARCHE DE LA DROGUE ; PRODUIT ILLICITE ; CANNABIS ; METHAMPHETAMINE ; MDMA-ECSTASY ; LSD ; FACTEUR PREDICTIF
Background: There are increasing reports of social media being used to buy and sell illegal drugs internationally. Studies of social media drug markets to date have largely involved general explorations of social media drug transactions in select countries. Social media drug markets may operate differently for different drug types and in different country contexts.
Aims: To identify predictors of the use of social media to purchase cannabis, methamphetamine, LSD and ecstasy/MDMA in New Zealand using a large-scale online survey sample.
Methods: The annual New Zealand Drug Trends Survey (NZDTS), an online convenience survey promoted via targeted Facebook™ campaign, was completed by 23,500 respondents aged 16+. Logistic regression models were fitted to identify demographic, drug use and drug market predictors of reporting the use of social media to purchase cannabis, methamphetamine, LSD and ecstasy/MDMA.
Results: Fifty-one percent of the sample had purchased cannabis, methamphetamine, ecstasy/MDMA or LSD in the past six months, of which 22% had done so via social media (n = 2,650). Cannabis was the drug type most purchased from social media among drug purchasers (24%), followed by ecstasy/MDMA (13%). Sixty percent of social media purchasers had used Facebook™, 48% Snapchat™, and 20% Instagram™. The leading advantages of social media purchasing were "high convenience" (74%), and "fast transaction speed" (43%). Younger age was a significant predictor of social media purchasing for all drug types (particularly among 16-17 year olds). Purchasing from someone identified as a "drug dealer" was a predictor of social media purchasing among respondents for all drug types.
Conclusion: Social media drug markets may have significant implications for drug purchasing by youth through providing greater access to supply and breaking down age-related barriers between social supply and commercial drug markets. Our findings highlight the importance of incorporating social media platforms into youth drug prevention and harm minimisation strategies.
|Domaine :||Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
|Affiliation :||SHORE & Whariki Research Centre, College of Health, Massey University, Auckland, New Zealand|