|Titre :||Slam practice: A review of the literature (2021)|
|Auteurs :||B. SCHRECK ; C. VICTORRI-VIGNEAU ; M. GUERLAIS ; E. LAFORGUE ; M. GRALL-BRONNEC|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||European Addiction Research (Vol.27, n°3, May 2021)|
|Article en page(s) :||161-178|
|Discipline :||EPI (Epidémiologie / Epidemiology)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEHOMOSEXUEL ; CHEMSEX ; PREVALENCE ; SEXUALITE ; VIH ; HEPATITE ; PRODUIT ILLICITE ; DROGUES DE SYNTHESE ; INJECTION ; CONDUITE A RISQUE ; RECOMMANDATION
BACKGROUND: Slamming has been developing since 2011 as a new international phenomenon, mostly among men who have sex with men (MSM). It consists of intravenous drug injection before or during planned sexual activity to sustain, enhance, disinhibit, or facilitate the experience. We aimed to synthesize the available published evidence through a systematic literature review in order to precisely describe this phenomenon and to better characterize the population engaging in this practice and its specific motives.
METHODS: A systematic review of the available literature was conducted to identify all relevant publications using PubMed, Psyc-INFO, the Cochrane Library, and ScienceDirect. To complete the review, we followed the recommendations of the "Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses" method. We limited the search to studies published between January 2008 and May 2020.
RESULTS: Our search identified 530 publications, of which 27 were included in the final data synthesis. One study focused on heterosexual and homosexual subpopulations, and all other studies focused on MSM-specific samples. Among MSM, slam prevalence was extremely variable, ranging from 2 to 91%; regarding other sexually active subjects, prevalence ranged from 7 to 14%. The prevalence of HIV-positive subjects varied widely across studies, ranging from 0.6 to 100%. We found less data about hepatitis C virus serostatus, ranging from 3 to 100%. Methamphetamine and mephedrone were the 2 most used drugs.
DISCUSSION/CONCLUSION: The data we found in international literature were very heterogeneous and from poorly reproducible studies. The definition of slamming in the international literature is not always clear, which limits the completeness of the collected data. This topic has been open to studies only recently; however, health professionals must be trained in the management of this practice, considering its risks in the short and medium terms and its addictive potential. We provided and discussed recommendations and potential future directions.
|Domaine :||Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
|Sous-type de document :||Revue de la littérature / Literature review|
|Refs biblio. :||61|
|Affiliation :||Department of Addictology and Psychiatry, CHU Nantes, Nantes, France|