|Titre :||What really matters in binge drinking: A dominance analysis of binge drinking psychological determinants among university students (2021)|
|Auteurs :||J. MANGE ; M. MAUDUY ; C. SENEMEAUD ; V. BAGNEUX ; N. CABÉ ; D. JACQUET ; P. LECONTE ; N. MARGAS ; N. MAUNY ; L. RITZ ; F. GIERSKI ; H. BEAUNIEUX|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Addictive Behaviors Reports (Vol.13, June 2021)|
|Article en page(s) :||art. 100346|
|Discipline :||PSY (Psychopathologie / Psychopathology)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEALCOOL ; MILIEU ETUDIANT ; JEUNE ; ABUS ; MOTIVATION ; NORME ; PSYCHOLOGIE ; IDENTITE
Introduction: Binge drinking (BD) is a public health concern, especially in young people. Multiple individual factors referring to different level of analyses - positional, inter-individual and intra-individual - are associated to BD. As they have mainly been explored separately, little is known about the psychological variables most associated with BD. This study, based on an integrative model considering a large number of variables, aims to estimate these associations and possible dominance of some variables in BD.
Methods: A sample of university students (N = 2851) participated in an internet survey-based study. They provided information on alcohol related variables (AUDIT, BD score), positional factors (sex, age), inter-individual factors (subjective norm, social identity, external motivations), and intra-individual factors (internal motivations, meta-cognitions, impulsivity and personality traits). The data were processed via a backward regression analysis including all variables and completed with a dominance analysis on variables that are significantly associated with BD intensity.
Results: The strongest variables associated with BD intensity were enhancement motives and drinking identity (average DeltaR² = 21.81%), followed by alcohol subjective norm and social motives (average DeltaR² = 13.99%). Other associated variables (average DeltaR² = 2,84%) were negative metacognition on uncontrollability, sex, coping motives, lack of premeditation, positive metacognition on cognitive self-regulation, positive urgency, lack of perseverance, age, conformity motives and loneliness.
Conclusion: Results offer new avenues at the empirical level, by spotting particularly inter-individual psychological variables that should be more thoroughly explored, but also at the clinical level, to elaborate new prevention strategies focusing on these specific factors.
• A dominance analysis of psychological variables associated to BD is proposed.
• Positional, inter-individual and intra-individual factors were investigated.
• The variables most associated to BD were enhancement motives and drinking identity.
• The second order variables associated with BD were subjective norm and social motives.
• Prevention actions may benefit of specifically targeting inter-individual variables.
|Domaine :||Alcool / Alcohol|
|Affiliation :||Normandie Univ, UNICAEN, LPCN, Caen, France|