|Titre :||Adolescent cannabis and tobacco use are associated with opioid use in young adulthood - 12-year longitudinal study in an urban cohort (2021)|
|Auteurs :||J. THRUL ; J. A. RABINOWITZ ; B. A. REBOUSSIN ; B. S. MAHER ; N. S. IALONGO|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Addiction (Vol.116, n°3, March 2021)|
|Article en page(s) :||643-650|
|Discipline :||EPI (Epidémiologie / Epidemiology)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEETUDE LONGITUDINALE ; ADOLESCENT ; CANNABIS ; TABAC ; ALCOOL ; OPIOIDES ; MILIEU URBAIN ; ETHNIE ; ADULTE JEUNE ; FACTEUR DE RISQUE ; MODELE ; THEORIE DE L'ESCALADE
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Cannabis, tobacco and alcohol use are prevalent among youth in the United States and may be risk factors for opioid use. The current study aimed at investigating associations between developmental trajectories of cannabis, tobacco and alcohol use in adolescence and opioid use in young adulthood in an urban cohort over the span of 12 years.
DESIGN: Cohort study of adolescents originally recruited for a randomized prevention trial with yearly assessments into young adulthood.
SETTING: Nine urban elementary schools in Baltimore, MD in the United States.
PARTICIPANTS: Participants (n = 583, 86.8% African American, 54.7% male) were originally recruited as first grade students.
MEASUREMENTS: Cannabis, tobacco and alcohol use were assessed annually from ages 14-18 years and opioid use from ages 19-26. Socio-demographics were assessed at age 6. Intervention status was also randomly assigned at age 6. Gender, race, free/reduced-priced lunch and intervention status were included as covariates in individual and sequential growth models.
FINDINGS: There were significant positive associations between the cannabis use intercept at age 14 and the opioid use intercept at age 19 (beta = 1.43; P = 0.028), the tobacco use intercept at age 14 and the opioid use intercept at age 19 (beta = 0.82; P = 0.042). Specifically, more frequent use of cannabis or tobacco at age 14 was associated with more frequent use of opioids at age 19.
CONCLUSIONS: Cannabis and tobacco use in early adolescence may be risk factors for opioid use in young adulthood among African Americans living in urban areas.
|Domaine :||Autres substances / Other substances ; Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs ; Tabac / Tobacco|
|Refs biblio. :||53|
Department of Mental Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
Department of Biostatistics and Data Science, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC,, USA