|Titre :||Self-reported alcohol, tobacco, and cannabis use during COVID-19 lockdown measures: results from a web-based survey (2020)|
|Auteurs :||N. VANDERBRUGGEN ; F. MATTHYS ; S. VAN LAERE ; D. ZEEUWS ; L. SANTERMANS ; S. VAN DEN AMEELE ; C. L. CRUNELLE|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||European Addiction Research (Vol.26, n°6, November 2020)|
|Article en page(s) :||309-315|
|Discipline :||EPI (Epidémiologie / Epidemiology)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEEPIDEMIE ; ETUDE TRANSVERSALE ; ALCOOL ; TABAC ; CANNABIS ; CONSOMMATION ; MOTIVATION ; PREVALENCE
Background: The outbreak of coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) has led to measures of social distancing and quarantine worldwide. This stressful period may lead to psychological problems, including increases in substance use.
Objective: To investigate changes in alcohol, tobacco, and cannabis consumption before and during COVID-19 lockdown and motives for these changes in substance use.
Method: A web-based survey was filled out by an unselected population during the social distancing measures of the COVID-19 pandemic in Belgium that assessed changes in alcohol, tobacco, and cannabis consumption in the period before and during the COVID-19 lockdown and also asked about reasons for change.
Results: A total of 3,632 respondents (mean age 42.1 +/- 14.6 years; 70% female) filled out the survey. Overall, respondents reported consuming more alcohol (d = 0.21) and smoking more cigarettes (d = 0.13) than before the COVID-19 pandemic (both p < 0.001), while no significant changes in the consumption of cannabis were noted. The odds of consuming more alcohol during the lockdown were associated with younger age (OR = 0.981, p < 0.001), more children at home (OR = 1.220, p < 0.001), non-healthcare workers (p < 0.001), and being technically unemployed related to COVID-19 (p = 0.037). The odds of smoking more cigarettes during the lockdown were associated with younger age (OR = 0.988, p = 0.027), current living situation (p < 0.001), lower education (p = 0.015), and working situation related to COVID-19 (p = 0.018). Boredom, lack of social contacts, loss of daily structure, reward after a hard-working day, loneliness, and conviviality were the main reasons for consuming more of the various substances.
Conclusions: During the lockdown, individuals consumed slightly more alcohol and smoked marginally more cigarettes compared to the period before the lockdown. Further research focussing on follow-up of individuals at risk may be useful to provide appropriate care in post-COVID times.
|Domaine :||Alcool / Alcohol ; Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs ; Tabac / Tobacco|
|Refs biblio. :||8|
|Affiliation :||Department of Psychiatry, Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB), Universitair Ziekenhuis Brussel (UZ Brussel), Brussels, Belgium|