|Titre :||Alcohol marketing and adolescent and young adult alcohol use behaviors: A systematic review of cross-sectional studies (2020)|
|Auteurs :||L. J. FINAN ; S. LIPPERMAN-KREDA ; J. W. GRUBE ; A. BALASSONE ; E. KANER|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs (Suppl.19, March 2020)|
|Article en page(s) :||42-56|
|Discipline :||EPI (Epidémiologie / Epidemiology)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEALCOOL ; ADOLESCENT ; JEUNE ADULTE ; MARKETING ; ETUDE TRANSVERSALE ; COMPORTEMENT ; CONSOMMATION
OBJECTIVE: This article provides a systematic review of cross-sectional research examining associations between exposure to alcohol marketing and alcohol use behaviors among adolescents and young adults.
METHOD: Literature searches of eight electronic databases were carried out in February 2017. Searches were not limited by date, language, country, or peer-review status. After abstract and full-text screening for eligibility and study quality, 38 studies that examined the relationship between alcohol marketing and alcohol use behaviors were selected for inclusion.
RESULTS: Across alcohol use outcomes, various types of marketing exposure, and different media sources, our findings suggest that cross-sectional evidence indicating a positive relationship between alcohol marketing exposure and alcohol use behaviors among adolescents and young adults was greater than negative or null evidence. In other words, cross-sectional evidence supported that alcohol marketing exposure was associated with young peoples' alcohol use behaviors. In general, relationships for alcohol promotion (e.g., alcohol-sponsored events) and owning alcohol-related merchandise exposures were more consistently positive than for other advertising exposures. These positive associations were observed across the past four decades, in countries across continents, and with small and large samples.
CONCLUSIONS: Despite issues of measurement and construct clarity within this body of literature, this review suggests that exposure to alcohol industry marketing may be important for understanding and reducing young peoples' alcohol use behavior. Future policies aimed at regulating alcohol marketing to a greater extent may have important short- and long-term public health implications for reducing underage or problematic alcohol use among youth.
|Domaine :||Alcool / Alcohol|
|Sous-type de document :||Revue de la littérature / Literature review|
|Affiliation :||Department of Psychology, Illinois State University, Normal, Illinois, USA|