|Titre :||Long-term effects of psychedelic drugs: A systematic review (2020)|
|Auteurs :||J. S. ADAY ; C. M. MITZKOVITZ ; E. K. BLOESCH ; C. C. DAVOLI ; A. K. DAVIS|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews (Vol.113, June 2020)|
|Article en page(s) :||179-189|
|Discipline :||PSY (Psychopathologie / Psychopathology)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEHALLUCINOGENES ; EFFET SECONDAIRE ; PSYCHOLOGIE ; RECHERCHE ; AYAHUASCA ; LSD ; MESCALINE ; PSILOCYBINE ; DEPRESSION ; ANXIETE ; SPIRITUALITE ; BIEN-ETRE ; PERSONNALITE
Research into the basic effects and therapeutic applications of psychedelic drugs has grown considerably in recent years. Yet, pressing questions remain regarding the substances' lasting effects. Although individual studies have begun monitoring sustained changes, no study to-date has synthesized this information. Therefore, this systematic review aims to fill this important gap in the literature by synthesizing results from 34 contemporary experimental studies which included classic psychedelics, human subjects, and follow-up latencies of at least two weeks. The bulk of this work was published in the last five years, with psilocybin being the most frequently administered drug. Enduring changes in personality/attitudes, depression, spirituality, anxiety, wellbeing, substance misuse, meditative practices, and mindfulness were documented. Mystical experiences, connectedness, emotional breakthrough, and increased neural entropy were related to these long-term changes in psychological functioning. Finally, with proper screening, preparation, supervision, and integration, limited aversive side effects were noted by study participants. Future researchers should focus on including larger and more diverse samples, lengthier longitudinal designs, stronger control conditions, and standardized dosages.
A systematic review on the long-term effects of psychedelic drugs was conducted.
Studies included human samples and follow-up measures of at least 2 weeks.
Changes in personality, affect, wellbeing, and spirituality were noted.
Cognitive, psychospiritual, and neural mechanisms have been theorized.
Future studies should address generalizability and control group limitations.
|Domaine :||Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
|Sous-type de document :||Revue de la littérature / Literature review|
|Affiliation :||Departmnent of Psychology, Central Michigan University, Mt Pleasant, MI, USA|