|Titre :||Current NPS threats. Volume I. March 2019|
|Auteurs :||ONUDC / UNODC|
|Type de document :||Rapport|
|Editeur :||Vienna : UNODC, 2019|
|Format :||4 p.|
|Discipline :||MAR (Marché de la drogue / Drug market)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASESAISIE ; DROGUES DE SYNTHESE ; CANNABINOIDES ; POLYCONSOMMATION ; SURVEILLANCE EPIDEMIOLOGIQUE ; OPIOIDES ; PHENOMENE EMERGENT ; BENZODIAZEPINES
In 2016, the United Nations General Assembly Special Session on the World Drug Problem (UNGASS) decided to prioritise the most harmful, persistent, and prevalent NPS for international action. Following this decision, the Commission on Narcotic Drugs (CND) in its resolution 60/4, entitled “Preventing and responding to the adverse health consequences and risks associated with the use of new psychoactive substances”, mandated the development of the UNODC Early Warning Advisory on NPS – Toxicology Portal (Tox-Portal) in order to address the resolution adopted by Member States. The Tox-Portal is an online tool developed in collaboration with The International Association of Forensic Toxicologists (TIAFT) that collects data on toxicology and harm related to the use of NPS at a global level.
For the first time, data from drug seizures as well as drug detections in biological fluid casework have allowed an overview of the NPS landscape. Utilising data from post-mortem, clinical and other casework (including drug driving) reported by toxicology laboratories from 29 countries in all regions of the world, it has been possible to identify some key recent developments regarding health threats posed by NPS. This represents a snap analysis from the limited set of data held at this stage and may not show the full extent of the ongoing opioid crisis.
- Synthetic cannabinoids, synthetic opioids and stimulants account for the majority of NPS reported to the UNODC EWA Toxicology Portal.
- Synthetic cannabinoids, in particular remain harmful, persistent and prevalent with more reports in 2018 than synthetic opioids.
- Poly-drug use continues to be a factor and an important consideration in NPS fatalities.
- Benzodiazepine-type NPS feature highly in driving under the influence of drugs.
|Domaine :||Autres substances / Other substances ; Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
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