|Titre :||Alcohol and illicit drugs in drivers involved in road traffic crashes in Italy. An 8-year retrospective study (2019)|
|Auteurs :||R. BARONE ; G. PELLETTI ; M. GARAGNANI ; A. GIUSTI ; M. MARZI ; F. ROSSI ; R. ROFFI ; P. FAIS ; S. PELOTTI|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Forensic Science International (Vol.305, December 2019)|
|Article en page(s) :||art. 110004|
|Discipline :||EPI (Epidémiologie / Epidemiology)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEETUDE RETROSPECTIVE ; CONDUITE DE VEHICULE ; ACCIDENT ; ALCOOL ; PRODUIT ILLICITE ; ALCOOLEMIE ; PREVALENCE ; SEXE ; AGE ; EVOLUTION
This study aims to investigate the prevalence of alcohol and drugs of abuse in Italian drivers involved in road traffic crashes between 2011 and 2018. Toxicological analyses were performed on the whole blood of 7593 injured drivers. Alcohol and illicit drugs, namely tetrahydrocannabinol (THC; cut-off 2ng/ml), cocaine (cut-off 10ng/ml), illicit opiates (cut-off 10ng/ml) and amphetamines (amphetamine, methamphetamine, MDMA, MDA; cut-off 20ng/ml) were investigated. The age and gender of the driver, the time of the crash (weekend/weekday and day/night), the road crash year and Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) were also considered. The 16.2% of samples tested positive for alcohol, 2.5% for cocaine, followed by opiates (2.0%), cannabinoids (1.5%), and amphetamines (0.5%). The overall prevalence of alcohol and drugs was lower than those reported in previous epidemiological studies of the DRUID project. The year 2011 showed the highest prevalence of drug-positive cases (24.1%), while the lowest prevalence was found in 2016 (16.8%), after the update of the Road Traffic Law (RTL) that increased punishments for driving under the influence. A progressive increase in the number of alcohol-positive female drivers was observed from 2011 to 2018, and the highest prevalence was found in the 26-35-year-old age range. Illicit drugs showed the highest overall prevalence in drivers
The prevalence of alcohol and illicit drugs in the blood of drivers was studied.
7593 injured drivers from 2011 to 2018 were included in the study.
The highest prevalence was found for alcohol (16.2%) followed by cocaine (2.5%).
A progressive increase in the number of alcohol-positive female drivers was observed.
Illicit drugs showed the highest prevalence in drivers
|Domaine :||Alcool / Alcohol ; Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
|Refs biblio. :||47|
|Affiliation :||Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, Unit of Legal Medicine, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy|