|Titre :||'Parents are the best prevention'? Troubling assumptions in cannabis policy and prevention discourses in the context of legalization in Canada (2019)|
|Auteurs :||R. J. HAINES-SAAH ; S. MITCHELL ; A. SLEMON ; E. K. JENKINS|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||International Journal of Drug Policy (Vol.68, June 2019)|
|Article en page(s) :||132-138|
|Discipline :||PRE (Prévention - RdRD / Prevention - Harm reduction)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASECANNABIS ; LEGALISATION ; PREVENTION ; PARENT ; ETUDE QUALITATIVE ; ADOLESCENT ; PARENTALITE
BACKGROUND: Canada has announced that it will legalize cannabis on October 17, 2018, and as a result of this impending drug law reform the need to develop prevention resources and drug education - in schools, in public health, and for parents - has emerged as a public concern and a policy priority. Set against this context, the aim of our paper is to amplify the parent perspective on preventing problematic adolescent cannabis use, but also to interrogate the idea of 'parents as the best prevention' that has taken hold in discussions about the potential consequences of legalization for youth.
METHODS: In 2016 we undertook an exploratory, qualitative interview study in Vancouver, British Columbia (n=16) with parents of adolescents who had used cannabis. Building on our past research developing educator-led resources to support an open dialogue about cannabis in the classroom, in this study we asked parents about the supports and resources they needed to inform their discussions about cannabis with their adolescent children, as well the challenges they faced in responding to cannabis use when they believed it had become problematic.
FINDINGS: Across the interviews, parents mobilized discourses of risk and responsibility for preventing problematic cannabis use that appeared to reinstate individualizing accounts of substance use. Many echoed normative ideas about health, the risks of cannabis use, and 'good' parenting, sidestepping social inequities around drug use, and thus implicating parents and families as solely responsible for preventing adolescent drug use.
CONCLUSION: Our analysis suggests how parents have been largely disempowered and unsupported when it comes to addressing adolescent drug use in the family context. Even as they expressed their awareness that formal supports and resources to assist them were lacking, parents also assigned blame to themselves - or to other parents - for 'failing' to prevent problematic cannabis use.
|Domaine :||Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
University of Calgary, Community Health Sciences, Calgary, Alberta, Canada