|Titre :||"Alcohol during pregnancy? Nobody does that anymore": State legislators' use of evidence in making policy on alcohol use in pregnancy (2019)|
|Auteurs :||K. WOODRUFF ; S. C. M. ROBERTS|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs (Vol.80, n°3, May 2019)|
|Article en page(s) :||380-388|
|Discipline :||SAN (Santé publique / Public health)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEALCOOL ; GROSSESSE ; POLITIQUE ; LEGISLATION ; OPIOIDES ; ENTRETIEN ; REPRESENTATION SOCIALE ; SANTE PUBLIQUE
OBJECTIVE: In recent years, U.S. states have passed many laws addressing alcohol use in pregnancy, despite limited evidence on the impact of such policies. This study explores how state legislators use evidence when making policy on alcohol use in pregnancy.
METHOD: Study data are drawn from semistructured interviews with 29 state lawmakers and their aides in Maryland, North Carolina, and Virginia, conducted in March through July 2017. Interview transcripts were coded and analyzed by inductive and deductive methods.
RESULTS: Despite evidence on the harms of alcohol use in pregnancy, most lawmakers did not express concern about this topic. Instead, they expressed concern about opioid use in pregnancy. Personal experiences, anecdotes, and known contacts influenced legislators' views on substance use in pregnancy, whereas evidence, for the most part, did not. The intermediaries who typically bring evidence about problems and solutions to legislators did not appear to be raising the issue of alcohol use in pregnancy on legislators' agenda.
CONCLUSIONS: Basic evidence on the prevalence and harms of alcohol use in pregnancy did not appear to influence state lawmakers' policy priorities. Concern over opioid use in general may provide a window of opportunity to educate legislators on the relative scope and harms of alcohol and opioid use in pregnancy. It remains unclear why states are passing alcohol-in-pregnancy policies. More research is needed to explore how state lawmakers form their understanding of substance use in pregnancy and related policies.
|Domaine :||Alcool / Alcohol|
|Affiliation :||Advancing New Standards in Reproductive Health (ANSIRH), Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, Oakland, CA, USA|