|Titre :||Vaporization of marijuana among recreational users: A qualitative study (2019)|
|Auteurs :||E. R. ASTON ; S. G. FARRIS ; J. METRIK ; R. K. ROSEN|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs (Vol.80, n°1, January 2019)|
|Article en page(s) :||56-62|
|Discipline :||SHS (Sciences humaines et sociales / Humanities and social sciences)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEETUDE QUALITATIVE ; GROUPE FOCAL ; CANNABIS ; TYPE D'USAGE ; USAGE RECREATIF ; FUMER ; INHALATION
OBJECTIVE: Vaporization of marijuana products, or "vaping," has become a prevalent mode of administration and is typically perceived to hold unique benefits compared to combustible administration methods. Such positive beliefs regarding marijuana vaporization may contribute to its abuse liability. This qualitative study examined cognitions pertaining to vaping among recreational marijuana users.
METHOD: Focus groups were conducted with frequent marijuana users (N = 31; five groups; six to seven per group; M = 5.0 days/week marijuana use). Three topic areas were queried during discussions with the goal of revealing factors that may contribute to the abuse liability of vaporization. These comprised differences between smoking and vaporizing marijuana products, perceived advantages of vaporization, and perceived disadvantages of vaporization. Focus groups lasted approximately 60 minutes and followed a semistructured agenda; the sessions were audio recorded and transcribed for an applied thematic analysis. An executive summary of each group was made and key themes pertaining to vaporization were summarized.
RESULTS: Several themes emerged, including differences between smoking and vaporizing marijuana, convenience, discretion, and efficiency of vaping, perceived health benefits, the absence of traditional smoking rituals, and the high cost of vaporization devices.
CONCLUSIONS: Several factors appear to promote marijuana vaporization, including device aspects (e.g., discreet, convenient), the subjective high, economical efficiency, and perceived harm-reducing and health-promoting effects. These qualitative data highlight unique cognitions about marijuana vaping that may substantially increase its abuse liability. Quantitative research is needed to examine the extent to which cognitions about marijuana vaporization contribute to actual use patterns and problematic behaviors.
|Domaine :||Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
|Affiliation :||Center for Alcohol and Addiction Studies, Brown University School of Public Health, Providence, Rhode Island, USA|