|Titre :||Does socioeconomic advantage lessen the risk of adolescent substance use? New research yields surprising findings|
|Auteurs :||Hazelden Betty Ford, Institute for Recovery Advocacy|
|Type de document :||Rapport|
|Editeur :||Center City, MN : Hazelden Betty Ford Foundation, 2018|
|Collection :||Emerging Drug Trends Reports|
|Format :||8 p.|
|Discipline :||EPI (Epidémiologie / Epidemiology)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEADOLESCENT ; CATEGORIE SOCIO-PROFESSIONNELLE ; FACTEUR DE RISQUE ; PARENT ; REVENU ; NIVEAU D'ETUDES ; PARENTALITE
About one quarter of eighth graders and half of all high school seniors in the U.S. have used an illicit drug at some point in their lives (Miech et al., 2018). Because alcohol and other drug use during the teen years - a critical neurodevelopmental period - is highly predictive of a wide variety of later problems (Miech et al., 2018), much research has focused on the risk and protective factors for adolescent substance use, including the environments in which children grow up. This Emerging Drug Trends Report describes the results of recent studies that provide new information about how characteristics of those environments influence youth substance use. We examine socioeconomic status, school environments and parenting practices.
This new research includes findings that will surprise many and also reinforce the longstanding notion that substance use - and especially substance use disorder - is an "equal-opportunity destroyer" because it affects families of all socioeconomic backgrounds. For example, some forms of substance use during adolescence, like cigarette smoking, are consistently associated with socioeconomic disadvantage, whereas other forms such as excessive drinking appear to disproportionately affect upper-middle-class families (Luthar, Small, & Ciciolla, 2017). Meanwhile, for marijuana use, what might be more predictive of risk than an individual's socioeconomic status is the level of acceptance of marijuana at his or her school (Milliren, Richmond, Evans, Dunn, & Johnson, 2017). One common denominator across many studies is the importance of parents, and the research in this report sheds light on parental practices that might lessen or delay a child's risk of becoming involved with substance use, regardless of socioeconomic status.
|Domaine :||Plusieurs produits / Several products|