|Titre :||Community variation in adolescent cannabis use in Australia and the Netherlands (2019)|
|Auteurs :||B. ROWLAND ; H. JONKMAN ; J. WILLIAMS ; P. KREMER ; J. W. TOUMBOUROU|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Addictive Behaviors (Vol.90, March 2019)|
|Article en page(s) :||204-209|
|Discipline :||EPI (Epidémiologie / Epidemiology)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASECOMPARAISON ; ADOLESCENT ; CANNABIS ; POLITIQUE ; PREVALENCE ; FACTEUR DE RISQUE
Thésaurus GéographiqueAUSTRALIE ; PAYS-BAS
Background: While controversial, cannabis use is common, and often begins in adolescence. In Australia and the Netherlands, cannabis use is understood and legislated within a harm-minimisation framework. In Australia it is illegal to purchase or consume cannabis. Cannabis use in the Netherlands is illegal, except in licensed coffee shops where the sale and consumption of small amounts (5 g) are permitted.
Methods: Secondary school aged children in Victoria, Australia and the Netherlands were surveyed using the same culturally adapted questionnaire, designed to measure community rates of substance use and risk factors. Youth cannabis use and predictors of use were compared between the two countries.
Results: Similar levels of cannabis use in the last month were reported in Australia and the Netherlands (4.5%), with slightly lower use amongst girls, compared to boys. Common predictors of use were found in both the Australian and Netherlands sample.
Conclusions: The findings suggest that interventions that effectively target similar risk factors to reduce or prevent cannabis use may have applications cross-nationally.
Cannabis use is common and controversial with adolescents.
Australia and the Netherlands have different cannabis policies.
Similar levels of use and risk factors were identified in each country.
Cannabis prevention strategies could have similar applications in both countries.
|Domaine :||Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
|Affiliation :||Deakin University, Centre for Social and Early Emotional Development, School of Psychology, Geelong, Australia|