|Titre :||Opinion of health professionals and drug users before the forthcoming opening of the first drug consumption room in Paris: a quantitative cross-sectional study (2018)|
|Auteurs :||G. CLEIREC ; M. FORTIAS ; V. BLOCH ; V. CLERGUE-DUVAL ; F. BELLIVIER ; T. DUSOUCHET ; C. DEBAULIEU ; F. VORSPAN|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Harm Reduction Journal (Vol.15, n°53, 2018)|
|Article en page(s) :||11 p.|
|Discipline :||EPI (Epidémiologie / Epidemiology)|
Thésaurus géographiqueFRANCE ; VILLE DE PARIS
Thésaurus mots-clésETUDE TRANSVERSALE ; SALLE DE CONSOMMATION A MOINDRE RISQUE ; PERSONNEL MEDICAL ; USAGER ; HOPITAL ; OPINION ; REDUCTION DES RISQUES ET DES DOMMAGES ; MEDECIN GENERALISTE ; PHARMACIEN ; QUESTIONNAIRE ; ATTENTE ; ACCES AUX SOINS
Background: On the brink of the opening of the first French drug consumption room in Paris, the general opinion of the local involved health care professionals and drug users was not known. The objective of this study was to determine their expectations and to search for influencing factors.
Method: We carried out a quantitative cross-sectional study. A multiple choice questionnaire was proposed to the surrounding willing general practitioners (GPs) and pharmacists, to the emergency doctors of Lariboisiere hospital, and to the professionals of the harm reduction facilities and their drug users (PWUD). For each question, there was a choice between seven answers, from "-3" (very negative impact) to "+3" (very positive impact). The influence of the characteristics of each group on its mean answers was explored by Mann-Whitney, Kruskal-Wallis, and Spearman's tests.
Results: The median expectations among the groups of responding GPs (N=62), other health care professionals (N=82), and PWUD (N=57) were mainly positive. They thought that the drug consumption room (DCR) would improve the health of PWUD, reduce their at-risk behaviors, would not increase drug use or drug dealing in the neighborhood, and would reduce nuisance in the public space. Only the group of GPs expressed that the DCR could decrease the quietness of the neighborhood, and only the group of PWUD had higher expectations that the DCR would decrease the number of arrests and the number of violent behavior. GPs' expectations were significantly better in terms of health improvement of PWUD and reducing their precariousness if they had a previous experience in addiction medicine (Mann-Whitney, p=0.004 and p=0.019), with a longer practice (Spearman's rho, p=0.021 and p=0.009), and if they were currently prescribing opioid substitution treatments (Mann-Whitney, p=0.030 and p=0.002). Among non-GPs, those who were working in addiction medicine centers had significantly better expectations than pharmacists, and the professionals of the local emergency department had intermediate expectations.
Conclusions: Health care professionals and drug users had a positive opinion of the to-be-created Parisian drug consumption room. Experience in addiction medicine influenced positively health professionals' expectations.
|Domaine :||Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
|Refs biblio. :||34|
|Affiliation :||Département de Psychiatrie et de Médecine Addictologique, Hôpital Fernand Widal, APHP, Paris, France|