|Titre :||Trends in drinking patterns in fifteen European countries, 1950 to 2000. A collection of country reports|
|Auteurs :||J. SIMPURA ; T. KARLSSON|
|Type de document :||Rapport|
|Editeur :||Helsinki : STAKES, 2001|
|Format :||200 p.|
|Discipline :||EPI (Epidémiologie / Epidemiology)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEALCOOL ; EVOLUTION ; PREVALENCE ; EPIDEMIOLOGIE DESCRIPTIVE ; BOISSON ALCOOLISEE ; TYPE D'USAGE ; AGE ; ABSTINENCE
This collection of country reports on drinking patterns among the adult population in 15 European countries is part of the European Comparative Alcohol Study (ECAS), supported by the EU Directorate General for Health and Consumer Protection. Other parts of the study concern trends in alcohol consumption, alcohol-related mortality, demand for alcoholic beverages and alcohol policy.
The country reports here are based on a compilation of existing surveys on drinking patterns in 14 EU member countries (excluding Luxembourg) and Norway from 1950 to 1995, or in some cases, to 2000. Only adult population studies are considered here. Studies of drinking among adolescents are discussed in other projects, e.g., in the European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Drugs (ESPAD).
For each country, the results from existing studies were collected with the help of a network of contact persons in the 15 countries. The aspects of drinking patterns covered here are abstinence rates, frequency of drinking, occasions of heavy intake, differences between age groups and between men and women, and specific characteristics of drinking contexts such as meals, work and drunk driving. In most countries, the existing studies are few and cover only a limited number of the aspects of drinking patterns. The results suggest that changes in the qualitative features of drinking patterns occur slowly, even when quantitative changes have been large.
|Domaine :||Alcool / Alcohol|