|Titre :||Drinking patterns vary by gender, age and country-level income: Cross-country analysis of the International Alcohol Control Study (2018)|
|Auteurs :||S. CHAIYASONG ; T. HUCKLE ; A. M. MACKINTOSH ; P. MEIER ; C. D. H. PARRY ; S. CALLINAN ; P. VIET CUONG ; E. KAZANTSEVA ; G. GRAY-PHILLIP ; K. PARKER ; S. CASSWELL|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Drug and Alcohol Review (Vol.37, Suppl.2, August 2018)|
|Article en page(s) :||S53-S62|
|Discipline :||EPI (Epidémiologie / Epidemiology)|
Thésaurus géographiqueINTERNATIONAL ; AUSTRALIE ; ANGLETERRE ; ECOSSE ; NOUVELLE ZELANDE ; SAINT-KITTS-ET-NEVIS ; THAILANDE ; AFRIQUE DU SUD ; MONGOLIE ; VIETNAM ; ROYAUME-UNI
Thésaurus mots-clésALCOOL ; TYPE D'USAGE ; AGE ; SEXE ; REVENU ; ENQUETE ; ETUDE TRANSVERSALE ; CONSOMMATION
Introduction and Aims: Gender and age patterns of drinking are important in guiding country responses to harmful use of alcohol. This study undertook cross-country analysis of drinking across gender, age groups in some high-and middle-income countries.
Design and Methods: Surveys of drinkers were conducted in Australia, England, Scotland, New Zealand, St Kitts and Nevis (high-income), Thailand, South Africa, Mongolia and Vietnam (middle-income) as part of the International Alcohol Control Study. Drinking pattern measures were high-frequency, heavier-typical quantity and higher-risk drinking. Differences in the drinking patterns across age and gender groups were calculated. Logistic regression models were applied including a measure of country-level income.
Results: Percentages of high-frequency, heavier-typical quantity and higher-risk drinking were greater among men than in women in all countries. Older age was associated with drinking more frequently but smaller typical quantities especially in high-income countries. Middle-income countries overall showed less frequent but heavier typical quantities; however, the lower frequencies meant the percentages of higher risk drinkers were lower overall compared with high-income countries (with the exception of South Africa).
Discussion and Conclusions: High-frequency drinking was greater in high-income countries, particularly in older age groups. Middle-income countries overall showed less frequent drinking but heavier typical quantities. As alcohol use becomes more normalised as a result of the expansion of commercial alcohol it is likely frequency of drinking will increase with a likelihood of greater numbers drinking at higher risk levels.
|Domaine :||Alcool / Alcohol|
|Refs biblio. :||38|
|Affiliation :||Health Promotion Policy Research Center, International Health Policy Program, Nonthaburi, Thailand|