|Titre :||Can one simple questionnaire assess substance-related and behavioural addiction problems? Results of a proposed new screener for community epidemiology (2018)|
|Auteurs :||M. G. SCHLUTER ; D. C. HODGINS ; J. WOLFE ; T. C. WILD|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Addiction (Vol.113, n°8, August 2018)|
|Article en page(s) :||1528-1537|
|Note générale :||Commentary: Revisiting the core elements of addiction using a lay epidemiology approach. Gonzalez-Saiz F., p. 1538.|
|Discipline :||EPI (Epidémiologie / Epidemiology)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEEPIDEMIOLOGIE ; METHODE ; QUESTIONNAIRE ; DEPISTAGE ; EPIDEMIOLOGIE DESCRIPTIVE ; ADDICTION
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: There is currently no well-validated measure that assesses a broad spectrum of substance-related and behavioural addictions in general populations. This study aimed to develop a brief self-attribution Screener for Substance and Behavioural Addictions (SSBA) to screen for four substances and six behaviours, and to compare its performance with established individual-behaviour screening instruments.
DESIGN: A small, psychometrically optimal set of items to assess self-attributed indicators of addiction across alcohol, tobacco, cannabis, cocaine, gambling, shopping, videogaming, overeating, sexual activity and overworking were identified from a broader pool that was developed using a lay epidemiology qualitative approach. The suitability of the four-item single-factor solution was tested for each behaviour and scores were compared with those obtained from the sample using individual-behaviour screening instruments.
SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Participants (n = 6000), broadly representative of the Canadian English-speaking adult population, were recruited through the Ipsos Reid Canadian Online Panel.
MEASUREMENTS: Participants completed an item pool of 15 indicators of addiction for each target behaviour and a validation instrument for one randomly assigned behaviour.
FINDINGS: A set of four items identified using principal component and confirmatory factor analyses demonstrated good fit and excellent internal consistency (alpha = 0.87-0.95) across behaviours, and good convergent validity (rs = 0.44-0.8) with extant instruments measuring similar constructs, with only one exception (r = 0.26).
CONCLUSIONS: The proposed Screener for Substance and Behavioural Addiction is a reliable and valid measure assessing the lay public's self-attributed indicators of addiction across 10 substances and behaviours.
|Domaine :||Plusieurs produits / Several products|
|Refs biblio. :||49|
|Affiliation :||Department of Psychology, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada|