|Titre :||Trends in injector deaths in Ireland, as recorded by the National Drug-Related Deaths Index, 1998-2014 (2018)|
|Auteurs :||T. M. LYNN ; E. LYNN ; E. KEENAN ; S. LYONS|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs (Vol.79, n°2, March 2018)|
|Article en page(s) :||286-292|
|Discipline :||EPI (Epidémiologie / Epidemiology)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEPRODUIT ILLICITE ; INJECTION ; MORTALITE ; EVOLUTION ; HEROINE ; CAUSE DE DECES ; REDUCTION DES RISQUES
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to provide trend analysis on all deaths among drug users who injected at or around the time of their death in Ireland between 1998 and 2014.
METHOD: A review of the data recorded by the National Drug-Related Deaths Index (NDRDI) was conducted to identify individuals who were known to be injecting at or around the time of their death, from 1998 to 2014.
RESULTS: Between 1998 and 2014, 16,500 deaths were recorded by the NDRDI. Of these, 792 (5%) people were known to be injecting at or around the time of death; 90% were poisoning deaths (n = 715) and 10% nonpoisoning deaths (n = 77). The majority of those who died while injecting were male (n = 682; 86%). Most people were living in Dublin city or county (n = 550; 69%). One fifth of those who died were homeless (n = 149; 19%). Opioids, specifically heroin, were implicated in the vast majority of injector poisoning deaths (n = 673; 94%), most commonly in association with polydrug use (n = 417; 62%). Single opioid poisoning resulted in 256 deaths (38%), and two fifths of those who died by single opioid poisoning were not alone at the time of death (n = 105; 41%).
CONCLUSIONS: This study is the first to describe the trends in all deaths among drug users who injected at or around the time of their death in Ireland between 1998 and 2014. The analysis provides empirical evidence that can be used by policy makers to support the ongoing improvement of drug treatment services, harm reduction initiatives, and overdose prevention strategies for people who inject drugs.
|Domaine :||Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
Health Research Board, Grattan House, Dublin, Ireland