|Titre :||Quality assurance in drug demand reduction in European countries: an overview (2018)|
|Auteurs :||M. FERRI ; S. DIAS ; A. BO ; D. BALLOTTA ; R. SIMON ; G. CARRA|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy (Vol.25, n°2, April 2018)|
|Article en page(s) :||198-204|
|Discipline :||SAN (Santé publique / Public health)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEQUALITE ; PLANIFICATION SANITAIRE ; RECOMMANDATION ; EVALUATION ; DEMANDE ; SANTE PUBLIQUE
Background: The EMCDDA, through its network of National Focal Points, collects information on the quality assurance systems for drugs-related interventions across European countries. European National Drug Strategies include recommendations for systems and approaches for the assurance of the quality of interventions.
Methods: We searched National Drug Strategies for elements related to quality assurance in drug demand reduction and summarised information through questionnaires administered to the EMCDDA Network of National Focal Points.
Results: In total, 15 National Drug Strategies and 60 questionnaires were analysed. Almost all the strategies include quality-related topics. Frequently, the Ministry of Health leads quality assurance although sometimes jointly with the Ministries of Education, Labour, Family and Social Welfare. Accreditation systems are common, but implemented in different ways. Training and education are widely provided, for the vast majority of countries, consisting of short-term training to keep professionals updated. Guidelines and Standards are gathering momentum as the major tools for the implementation of evidence-based recommendations and are usually available across countries.
Conclusions: Although the evidence base for interventions in drug demand reduction is becoming available and accepted, attention needs to be given to implementation issues. The European countries are rapidly moving towards paying greater attention to the quality of interventions.
|Domaine :||Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
|Affiliation :||European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction, Lisbon, Portugal ; Istituto de Higiene e Medicina Tropical Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Lisbon, Portugal, and Division of Psychiatry, Faculty of Brain Sciences, University College of London, London, UK|