|Titre :||Legal cannabis laws, home cultivation, and use of edible cannabis products: A growing relationship? (2017)|
|Auteurs :||J. T. BORODOVSKY ; A. J. BUDNEY|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||International Journal of Drug Policy (Vol.50, December 2017)|
|Article en page(s) :||102-110|
|Discipline :||EPI (Epidémiologie / Epidemiology)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASECANNABIS ; ALIMENTATION ; CULTURE PRIVEE ; LEGALISATION ; ENQUETE ; PRODUCTION ; LEGISLATION ; TYPE D'USAGE
Background: Over half of U.S. states have enacted legal cannabis laws (LCL). In parallel, edible cannabis products (i.e., edibles) have presented new regulatory challenges. LCL provisions that dictate access to cannabis (e.g., home cultivation (HC) or dispensaries (DSP)) may impact edible production and use. This study examined relationships among HC and DSP provisions, cannabis cultivation, and edible use. Methods An online cannabis use survey was distributed using Facebook. Data were collected from 1813 cannabis-using adults. U.S. states were classified as states without LCL (Non-LCL) or LCL states that: (1) only permit DSP (LCL DSP-only), (2) only permit HC (LCL HC-only), or (3) permit HC and DSP (LCL HC + DSP). Analyses tested associations among these classifications, cannabis growing, and edible use and procurement.
Results: Individuals in LCL HC-only and LCL HC + DSP states were more likely to report currently growing cannabis at home (OR: 3.3, 95% CI: 1.7, 6.2; OR: 3.9, 95% CI: 2.4, 6.3, respectively) and past-month edible use (OR: 2.1, 95% CI: 1.4, 3.4; OR: 2.9, 95% CI: 2.2, 3.9, respectively) than individuals in LCL DSP-only states. Regardless of state, those who had grown cannabis were more likely to have made edibles than those who had never grown cannabis (OR: 2.2, 95% CI: 1.8, 2.6). Individuals in LCL HC-only states were more likely to have made edibles in the past month than individuals from Non-LCL (OR: 2.75, 95% CI: 1.5, 5.3) and DSP-only states (OR: 2.1, 95% CI: 1.0, 4.4). Individuals in LCL HC + DSP states were more likely to have purchased edibles in the past month than individuals from Non-LCL (OR: 3.7, 95% CI: 2.4, 5.6) and DSP-only states (OR: 3.2, 95% CI: 1.8, 5.5).
Conclusion: Specific LCL provisions may differentially affect individuals' propensity to grow cannabis and make, buy, and use edible cannabis products. Permitting home cultivation contributes to a greater likelihood of growing cannabis. Those who grow cannabis economize the plant by creating homemade edible cannabis products. Conversely, permitting dispensaries increases the likelihood of purchasing edibles. The psychoactive effects of edibles with unknown and variable cannabinoid content will be unpredictable. Policymakers should carefully consider how specific LCL provisions can affect patterns of cannabis edible product access and quality.
Collected cannabis home growing and use pattern data via Facebook.
Cannabis home growing is more likely in states that permit home cultivation (HC).
Individuals who grow cannabis often use leftover plant parts to make edibles.
Individuals from states with dispensaries purchase edibles more often.
Individuals from HC states make their own edibles more often.
|Domaine :||Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
|Affiliation :||Dartmouth Geisel School of Medicine, Center for Technology and Behavioral Health, Lebanon, NH, USA|