|Titre :||The association between personal income and smoking among adolescents: a study in six European cities (2017)|
|Auteurs :||J. PERELMAN ; J. ALVES ; T. K. PFOERTNER ; I. MOOR ; B. FEDERICO ; M. A. G. KUIPERS ; M. RICHTER ; A. RIMPELA ; A. E. KUNST ; V. LORANT|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Addiction (Vol.112, n°12, December 2017)|
|Article en page(s) :||2248-2256|
|Discipline :||EPI (Epidémiologie / Epidemiology)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEETUDE TRANSVERSALE ; TABAC ; ADOLESCENT ; REVENU ; TYPE D'USAGE ; CATEGORIE SOCIO-PROFESSIONNELLE
Thésaurus GéographiqueEUROPE ; PAYS-BAS ; PORTUGAL ; ALLEMAGNE ; ITALIE ; BELGIQUE ; FINLANDE
Aims: This study investigates the link between personal income and smoking among adolescents, and aims to answer the following questions: (i) to what extent is personal income related to smoking, independent of family socio-economic status (SES) and (ii) does the association between personal income and smoking apply to different subpopulations?
Design: Cross-sectional study.
Setting: Six cities from European countries (Amersfoort, the Netherlands; Coimbra, Portugal; Hannover, Germany; Latina, Italy; Namur, Belgium; Tampere, Finland) in 2013.
Participants: A school-based sample of 10 794 adolescents aged 14-17 years.
Measurements: We modelled smoking experimentation, weekly smoking, daily smoking and (among daily smokers) smoking intensity as function of personal income, adjusting for age, sex, family SES, parental smoking and country. We tested interactions between personal income and covariates. Stratification analyses were performed for the variables for which interactions were significant.
Findings: Adolescents in the highest income quintile were more likely to be smoking experimenters [odds ratio (OR) = 1.87; P Conclusion: In the Netherlands, Portugal, Germany, Italy, Belgium and Finland, adolescents' personal income is related positively to smoking behaviours independent of family socio-economic status (SES). However, among low socio-economic status adolescent daily smokers, the association between the intensity of smoking and personal income is weaker.
|Domaine :||Tabac / Tobacco|
|Refs biblio. :||40|
|Affiliation :||Escola Nacional de Saude Publica, Universidade NOVA de Lisboa, and Centro de Investigaçao em Saude Publica, Portugal|