|Titre :||Collaborative care for opioid and alcohol use disorders in primary care: The SUMMIT randomized clinical trial (2017)|
|Auteurs :||K. E. WATKINS ; A. J. OBER ; K. LAMP ; M. LIND ; C. SETODJI ; K. C. OSILLA ; S. B. HUNTER ; C. M. MCCULLOUGH ; K. BECKER ; P. O. IYIEWUARE ; A. DIAMANT ; K. HEINZERLING ; H. A. PINCUS|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||JAMA Internal Medicine (Vol.177, n°10, October 2017)|
|Article en page(s) :||1480-1488|
|Discipline :||TRA (Traitement et prise en charge / Treatment and care)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEETUDE RANDOMISEE ; SOINS DE PREMIER RECOURS ; OPIOIDES ; ALCOOL ; PRISE EN CHARGE ; PARTENARIAT ; ADULTE ; INTERVENTION ; ACCES AUX SOINS ; ABSTINENCE ; EFFICACITE
Importance: Primary care offers an important and underutilized setting to deliver treatment for opioid and/or alcohol use disorders (OAUD). Collaborative care (CC) is effective but has not been tested for OAUD.
Objective: To determine whether CC for OAUD improves delivery of evidence-based treatments for OAUD and increases self-reported abstinence compared with usual primary care.
Design, Setting, and Participants: A randomized clinical trial of 377 primary care patients with OAUD was conducted in 2 clinics in a federally qualified health center. Participants were recruited from June 3, 2014 to January 15, 2016 and followed for 6 months.
Interventions: Of the 377 participants, 187 were randomized to CC and 190 were randomized to usual care; 77 (20.4%) of the participants were female, of whom 39 (20.9%) were randomized to CC and 38 (20.0%) were randomized to UC. The mean (SD) age of all respondents at baseline was 42 (12.0) years, 41 (11.7) years for the CC group, and 43 (12.2) yearsfor the UC group. Collaborative care was a system-level intervention, designed to increase the delivery of either a 6-session brief psychotherapy treatment and/or medication-assisted treatment with either sublingual buprenorphine/naloxone for opioid use disorders or long-acting injectable naltrexone for alcohol use disorders. Usual care participants were told that the clinic provided OAUD treatment and given a number for appointment scheduling and list of community referrals.
Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcomes were use of any evidence-based treatment for OAUD and self-reported abstinence from opioids or alcohol at 6 months. The secondary outcomes included the Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set (HEDIS) initiation and engagement measures, abstinence from other substances, heavy drinking, health-related quality of life, and consequences from OAUD.
Results: At 6 months, the proportion of participants who received any OAUD treatment was higher in the CC group compared with usual care (73 [39.0%] vs 32 [16.8%]; logistic model adjusted OR, 3.97; 95% CI, 2.32-6.79; P Conclusions and Relevance: Among adults with OAUD in primary care, the SUMMIT collaborative care intervention resulted in significantly more access to treatment and abstinence from alcohol and drugs at 6 months, than usual care.
Trial Registration: clinicaltrials.gov
Question: Does collaborative care for opioid and alcohol use disorders increase treatment use and self-reported abstinence compared with usual primary care?
Findings: Results from this randomized clinical trial found that, relative to usual care, the collaborative care intervention increased both the proportion of primary care patients receiving evidence-based treatment for opioid and alcohol use disorders and the number achieving abstinence from opioids or alcohol use at 6 months.
Meaning: Effective treatment for opioid and alcohol use disorders can be integrated into primary care using a collaborative care intervention and results in improved patient outcomes.
|Domaine :||Alcool / Alcohol ; Autres substances / Other substances|
|Refs biblio. :||69|
|Affiliation :||RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, CA, USA|