|Titre :||Alcohol and cancer: risk perception and risk denial beliefs among the French general population (2017)|
|Auteurs :||A. BOCQUIER ; L. FRESSARD ; P. VERGER ; S. LEGLEYE ; P. PERETTI-WATEL|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||European Journal of Public Health (Vol.27, n°4, August 2017)|
|Article en page(s) :||705-710|
|Discipline :||EPI (Epidémiologie / Epidemiology)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEPOPULATION GENERALE ; ALCOOL ; FACTEUR DE RISQUE ; CANCER ; PERCEPTION ; DENI ; CROYANCE
Background: Worldwide, millions of deaths each year are attributed to alcohol. We sought to examine French people's beliefs about the risks of alcohol, their correlates, and their associations with alcohol use.
Methods: Data came from the 2010 Baromètre Cancer survey, a random cross-sectional telephone survey of the French general population (n = 3359 individuals aged 15-75 years). Using principal component analysis of seven beliefs about alcohol risks, we built two scores (one assessing risk denial based on self-confidence and the other risk relativization). Two multiple linear regressions explored these scores’ socio-demographic and perceived information level correlates. Multiple logistic regressions tested the associations of these scores with daily drinking and with heavy episodic drinking (HED).
Results: About 60% of the respondents acknowledged that alcohol increases the risk of cancer, and 89% felt well-informed about the risks of alcohol. Beliefs that may promote risk denial were frequent (e.g. 72% agreed that soda and hamburgers are as bad as alcohol for your health). Both risk denial and risk relativization scores were higher among men, older respondents and those of low socioeconomic status. The probability of daily drinking increased with the risk relativization score and that of HED with both scores.
Conclusions: Beliefs that can help people to deny the cancer risks due to alcohol use are common in France and may exist in many other countries where alcoholic beverages have been an integral part of the culture. These results can be used to redesign public information campaigns about the risks of alcohol.
|Domaine :||Alcool / Alcohol|
|Refs biblio. :||42|
|Affiliation :||ORS PACA, Southeastern Health Regional Observatory, Marseille, France|