|Titre :||Comparing medical and recreational cannabis users on socio-demographic, substance and medication use, and health and disability characteristics (2017)|
|Auteurs :||S. GOULET-STOCK ; S. RUEDA ; A. VAFAEI ; A. IALOMITEANU ; J. MANTHEY ; J. REHM ; B. FISCHER|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||European Addiction Research (Vol.23, n°3, July 2017)|
|Article en page(s) :||129-135|
|Discipline :||EPI (Epidémiologie / Epidemiology)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASECOMPARAISON ; CANNABIS ; USAGE THERAPEUTIQUE ; USAGE RECREATIF ; SANTE ; MEDICAMENTS ; USAGER ; PROFIL SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIQUE
BACKGROUND: While recreational cannabis use is common, medical cannabis programs have proliferated across North America, including a federal program in Canada. Few comparisons of medical and recreational cannabis users (RCUs) exist; this study compared these groups on key characteristics.
METHODS: Data came from a community-recruited sample of formally approved medical cannabis users (MCUs; n = 53), and a sub-sample of recreational cannabis users (RCUs; n = 169) from a representative adult survey in Ontario (Canada). Samples were telephone-surveyed on identical measures, including select socio-demographic, substance and medication use, and health and disability measures. Based on initial bivariate comparisons, multivariate logistical regression with a progressive adjustment approach was performed to assess independent predictors of group status.
RESULTS: In bivariate analyses, older age, lower household income, lower alcohol use, higher cocaine, prescription opioid, depression and anxiety medication use, and lower health and disability status were significantly associated with medical cannabis use. In the multivariate analysis, final model, household income, alcohol use, and disability levels were associated with medical cannabis use.
CONCLUSIONS/SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: Compared to RCUs, medical users appear to be mainly characterized by factors negatively influencing their overall health status. Future studies should investigate the actual impact and net benefits of medical cannabis use on these health problems.
|Domaine :||Autres substances / Other substances ; Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
|Refs biblio. :||34|
|Affiliation :||Epidemiological Research Unit, Klinische Psychologie and Psychotherapie, Technische Universitat Dresden, Dresden, Germany|