|Titre :||Alcohol policy changes and 22-year trends in individual alcohol consumption in a Swiss adult population: a 1993-2014 cross-sectional population-based study (2017)|
|Auteurs :||S. DUMONT ; P. MARQUES-VIDAL ; T. FAVROD-COUNE ; J. M. THELER ; J. M. GASPOZ ; B. BROERS ; I. GUESSOUS|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||BMJ Open (Vol.7, n°3, 2017)|
|Article en page(s) :||e014828 ; 11 p.|
|Discipline :||EPI (Epidémiologie / Epidemiology)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEALCOOL ; POLITIQUE ; EVOLUTION ; CONSOMMATION ; ETUDE TRANSVERSALE ; REDUCTION DE CONSOMMATION ; BOISSON ALCOOLISEE ; LEGISLATION
Objective: Evidence on the impact of legislative changes on individual alcohol consumption is limited. Using an observational study design, we assessed trends in individual alcohol consumption of a Swiss adult population following the public policy changes that took place between 1993 and 2014, while considering individual characteristics and secular trends.
Design: Cross-sectional study.
Setting: Swiss general adult population.
Participants: Data from 18 963 participants were collected between 1993 and 2014 (aged 18-75 years).
Outcome measures: We used data from the 'Bus Santé' study, an annual health survey conducted in random samples of the adult population in the State of Geneva, Switzerland. Individual alcohol intake was assessed using a validated food frequency questionnaire. Individual characteristics including education were self-reported. 7 policy changes (6 about alcohol and 1 about tobacco) that occurred between 1993 and 2014 defined 6 different periods. We predicted alcohol intake using quantile regression with multivariate analysis for each period adjusting for participants' characteristics and tested significance periods. Sensitivity analysis was performed including drinkers only, the 10th centile of highest drinkers and smoker's status.
Results: Between 1993 and 2014, participants' individual alcohol intake decreased from 7.1 to 5.4 g/day (24% reduction, p Conclusions: Between 1993 and 2014, alcohol consumption decreased in the Swiss adult population independently of policy changes.
|Domaine :||Alcool / Alcohol|
|Refs biblio. :||41|
|Affiliation :||University of Geneva Faculty of Medicine, Geneva, Switzerland|