|Titre :||Personality-targeted interventions for substance use and misuse (2016)|
|Auteurs :||P. J. CONROD|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Current Addiction Reports (Vol.3, n°4, December 2016)|
|Article en page(s) :||426-436|
|Discipline :||PRE (Prévention / Prevention)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEINTERVENTION ; PERSONNALITE ; ADOLESCENT ; PREVENTION ; EFFICACITE ; FACTEUR DE RISQUE ; ECHELLE D'EVALUATION ; PROGRAMME ; CULTUREL
Purpose of Review: Personality factors have been implicated in risk for substance use disorders through longitudinal and neurobiologic studies for over four decades. Only recently, however, have targeted interventions been developed to assist individuals with personality risk factors for substance use disorders manage their risk. This article reviews current practices in personality-targeted interventions and the eight randomised trials examining the efficacy of such approaches with respect to reducing and preventing substance use and misuse.
Recent Findings: Results indicate a moderate mean effect size for personality-targeted approaches across several different substance use outcomes and intervention settings and formats.
Conclusions: Personality-targeted interventions offer several advantages over traditional substance use interventions, particularly when attempting to prevent development of problems in high-risk individuals or when addressing concurrent mental health problems in brief interventions.
|Domaine :||Alcool / Alcohol ; Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
|Sous-type de document :||Revue de la littérature / Literature review|
|Refs biblio. :||85|
|Affiliation :||Department of Psychiatry, Université de Montréal, Centre de Recherche, CHU Ste-Justine, Chercheur Boursier Senior, RSQ, Montréal, Canada|