|Titre :||Misuse of substitution drugs in the substitution-based therapy (2016)|
|Auteurs :||M. BLECKWENN ; L. HEISTER ; M. WECKBECKER ; K. WECKBECKER ; M. MUCKE|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||European Addiction Research (Vol.22, n°6, October 2016)|
|Article en page(s) :||322-328|
|Discipline :||EPI (Epidémiologie / Epidemiology)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASESUBSTITUTION ; USAGE DETOURNE ; TRAITEMENT DE MAINTENANCE ; OPIACES ; PREVALENCE
BACKGROUND: The reasons for, and the extent of, misuse of prescribed substitution medication as well as parallel consumption of other drugs during substitution-based therapy have still not been adequately researched in Germany.
METHODS: This study examines the use of substitution medication in German substitution clinics utilizing a nationwide survey with anonymised questionnaires.
RESULTS: The analysis of the 605 questionnaires showed a 30-day consumption prevalence of 8.8% with regard to misuse of substitution substances. The lack of available heroin (38%) and the lack of open spots in treatment programs (21%) were quoted as being the main reasons for the misuse of substitution medication.
CONCLUSION: Although the misuse of substitution medications is considered an important problem, our study showed that the current misuse was prevalent only among a minority of the patients. German regulations focused on the avoidance of misuse might be partially contributing to the problem.
|Domaine :||Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
|Refs biblio. :||16|
Institute of General Practice and Family Medicine, University Medical Center Friedrich-Wilhelm University Bonn, Germany