|Titre :||Detecting a signal in the noise: monitoring the global spread of novel psychoactive substances using media and other open-source information (2015)|
|Auteurs :||M. M. YOUNG ; C. DUBEAU ; O. CORAZZA|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Human Psychopharmacology: Clinical and Experimental (Vol.30, n°4, July 2015)|
|Article en page(s) :||319-326|
|Discipline :||EPI (Epidémiologie / Epidemiology)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEDROGUES DE SYNTHESE ; MEDIA ; SURVEILLANCE EPIDEMIOLOGIQUE ; CANNABINOIDES ; METHODE
Objective: To determine the feasibility and utility of using media reports and other open-source information collected by the Global Public Health Intelligence Network (GPHIN), an event-based surveillance system operated by the Public Health Agency of Canada, to rapidly detect clusters of adverse drug events associated with 'novel psychoactive substances' (NPS) at the international level.
Methods and Results: Researchers searched English media reports collected by the GPHIN between 1997 and 2013 for references to synthetic cannabinoids. They screened the resulting reports for relevance and content (i.e., reports of morbidity and arrest), plotted and compared with other available indicators (e.g., US poison control center exposures). The pattern of results from the analysis of GPHIN reports resembled the pattern seen from the other indicators.
Conclusions: The results of this study indicate that using media and other open-source information can help monitor the presence, usage, local policy, law enforcement responses, and spread of NPS in a rapid effective way. Further, modifying GPHIN to actively track NPS would be relatively inexpensive to implement and would be highly complementary to current national and international monitoring efforts. © 2015 The Authors. Human Psychopharmacology: Clinical and Experimental published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
|Domaine :||Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
|Affiliation :||Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada|