|Titre :||The e-cigarette social environment, e-cigarette use, and susceptibility to cigarette smoking (2016)|
|Auteurs :||J. L. BARRINGTON-TRIMIS ; K. BERHANE ; J. B. UNGER ; T. B. CRUZ ; R. URMAN ; C. P. CHOU ; S. HOWLAND ; K. WANG ; M. A. PENTZ ; T. D. GILREATH ; J. HUH ; A. M. LEVENTHAL ; J. M. SAMET ; R. MCCONNELL|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Journal of Adolescent Health (Vol.59, n°1, July 2016)|
|Article en page(s) :||75-80|
|Discipline :||EPI (Epidémiologie / Epidemiology)|
Thésaurus mots-clésENVIRONNEMENT ; ADOLESCENT ; E-CIGARETTE ; TABAC ; FACTEUR DE RISQUE ; ETUDE TRANSVERSALE ; MILIEU SOCIOCULTUREL ; PROFIL SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIQUE
PURPOSE: One concern regarding the recent increase in adolescent e-cigarette use is the possibility that electronic (e-) cigarettes may be used by those who might not otherwise have used cigarettes, and that dual use, or transition to cigarette use alone, may follow.
METHODS: Questionnaire data were obtained in 2014 from 11th/12th grade students attending schools in 12 communities included in the Southern California Children's Health Study. We evaluated the cross-sectional association between e-cigarette use, the social environment (family and friends' use and approval of e-cigarettes and cigarettes), and susceptibility to future cigarette use among never cigarette smokers (N = 1,694), using previously validated measures based on reported absence of a definitive commitment not to smoke.
RESULTS: Among adolescents who had never used cigarettes, 31.8% of past e-cigarette users and 34.6% of current (past 30-day) e-cigarette users indicated susceptibility to cigarette use, compared with 21.0% of never e-cigarette users. The odds of indicating susceptibility to cigarette use were two times higher for current e-cigarette users compared with never users (odds ratio = 1.97; 95% confidence interval: 1.21-3.22). A social environment favorable to e-cigarettes (friends' use of and positive attitudes toward the use of e-cigarettes) was also associated with greater likelihood of susceptibility to cigarette use, independent of an individual's e-cigarette use.
CONCLUSIONS: E-cigarette use in adolescence, and a pro-e-cigarette social environment, may put adolescents at risk for future use of cigarettes. E-cigarettes may contribute to subsequent cigarette use via nicotine addiction or social normalization of smoking behaviors.
|Domaine :||Tabac / Tobacco|
|Refs biblio. :||31|
Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA