|Titre :||Prison-based needle and syringe programmes (PNSP) - Still highly controversial after all these years (2016)|
|Auteurs :||H. STÖVER ; F. HARIGA|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy (Vol.23, n°2, April 2016)|
|Article en page(s) :||103-112|
|Discipline :||MAL (Maladies infectieuses / Infectious diseases)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEPRISON ; VIH ; REDUCTION DES RISQUES ; HEPATITE ; INJECTION ; PROGRAMME ; ECHANGE DE SERINGUES ; EFFICACITE
Aims: In most countries, the spread of HIV and hepatitis C in prisons is clearly driven by injecting drug use with many infected prisoners who are unaware of their infection status. Despite many studies confirming the facts about risk behaviour and the prison setting as a risk environment for maintaining or taking up of risk behaviour, little progress has been made around effective and efficient infectious prophylaxis by means of prison-based needle and syringe programs and associated education. The aim of this contribution is to study why effective and efficient prevention models applied in the community (like PNSP) are very rarely implemented in prison settings.
Findings: Only approximately 60 out of more than 10,000 prisons worldwide provide needle exchange in prisons. A United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) handbook on the implementation of prison-based needle exchange has been elaborated to better inform and guide officials in the Ministries of Justice, Health and people in charge of healthcare in prisons. It integrates the views and experiences of many experts throughout the world.
Conclusions: The key problem apart from political problems in implementing prison-based needle and syringe programmes (PNSP) remains the lack of guarantee of confidentiality to prisoners. This is hindering prisoners from participating in the programmes continuously. The second problem is that HIV/AIDS and opioid consumption are no longer the key drivers of the debate around drugs and infectious diseases in prisons, but instead new psychoactive substances (NPS) and steroids have become issues. In many countries, the HIV rate among drug using prisoners is lower compared 20 years ago (e.g. Western Europe). While hepatitis C is by far the most prevalent infectious disease, it has been neglected by policy makers. It has been difficult to develop momentum to legitimise concerted action to prevent the spread of infectious diseases. The handbook of the UNODC aims to serve as a basis for the implementation of PNSPs.
|Domaine :||Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
|Sous-type de document :||Revue de la littérature / Literature review|
|Affiliation :||Faculty of Health and Social Work, Frankfurt University of Applied Sciences, Institute for the Study of Addiction, Frankfurt am Main, Germany|