|Titre :||Population surveys compared with wastewater analysis for monitoring illicit drug consumption in Italy in 2010-2014 (2016)|
|Auteurs :||E. ZUCCATO ; S. CASTIGLIONI ; I. SENTA ; A. BORSOTTI ; B. GENETTI ; A. ANDREOTTI ; G. PIERETTI ; G. SERPELLONI|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Drug and Alcohol Dependence (Vol.161, April 2016)|
|Article en page(s) :||178-188|
|Discipline :||EPI (Epidémiologie / Epidemiology)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEEAUX USEES ; ENQUETE ; COMPARAISON ; ANALYSE CHIMIQUE ; PRODUIT ILLICITE ; PREVALENCE ; GEOGRAPHIE ; EVOLUTION ; OPIACES ; AMPHETAMINES ; CANNABIS ; COCAINE
Background: Monitoring consumption by population surveys (PS) is an important way to challenge the spread of illicit drugs (ID). To improve the information, we explored a complementary method, particularly wastewater analysis (WWA).
Methods: We estimated the prevalence of use by PS, and the consumption by WWA, of cocaine, opioids, cannabis, methamphetamine and MDMA (ecstasy) from 2010 to 2014 in Italy and compared the results.
Results: According to PS, cannabis and cocaine were the ID most used in Italy (last month prevalence 3.0% and 0.43% respectively in 2010) followed by opioids (0.17%) and amphetamines (0.14%). WWA gave similar findings, with cannabis consumption (4.35 g THC/day/1000 inhabitants) exceeding cocaine (0.78 g), heroin (0.092 g), methamphetamine and MDMA (0.103 g). The time trend investigated by PS showed significant decreases for all ID from 2010 to 2012. WWA also indicated a reduction of consumption for methamphetamine (p Conclusions: PS and WWA were confirmed as complementary methods and when used together improved the information on ID use in Italy. We suggest that the combined use of the two approaches can give better information on ID use in the population.
Population survey and wastewater analysis gave convergent results of drug use.
They both suggest spatial and temporal differences of drug consumption in Italy.
Overall in 2010-2014 opioids and amphetamines use decreased while cannabis increased.
Combined use of the two approaches can improve our knowledge of drug use in populations.
|Domaine :||Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
|Affiliation :||Department of Environmental Health Sciences, IRCCS Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri, Milan, Italy|