|Titre :||E-cigarette use and willingness to smoke: a sample of adolescent non-smokers (2016)|
|Auteurs :||T. A. WILLS ; J. D. SARGENT ; R. KNIGHT ; I. PAGANO ; F. X. GIBBONS|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Tobacco Control (Vol.25, e1, April 2016)|
|Article en page(s) :||e52-e59|
|Discipline :||EPI (Epidémiologie / Epidemiology)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEADOLESCENT ; ETUDE TRANSVERSALE ; CIGARETTE ELECTRONIQUE ; NON FUMEUR ; FACTEUR PREDICTIF ; TABAC ; MOTIVATION
OBJECTIVE: There is little evidence on the consequences of using electronic cigarettes (e-cigarette) in adolescence. With a multiethnic sample of non-smokers, we assessed the relation between e-cigarette use and social-cognitive factors that predict smoking of combustible cigarettes.
METHODS: School-based cross-sectional survey of 2309 high school students (mean age 14.7 years). Participants reported on e-cigarette use and cigarette use; on smoking-related cognitions (smoking expectancies, prototypes of smokers) and peer smoker affiliations; and on willingness to smoke cigarettes. Regression analyses conducted for non-cigarette smokers tested the association between e-cigarette use and willingness to smoke cigarettes, controlling for demographics, parenting, academic and social competence, and personality variables. Structural equation modelling (SEM) analysis tested whether the relation between e-cigarette use and willingness to smoke was mediated through any of the three smoking-related variables.
RESULTS: Non-smokers who had used e-cigarettes (18% of the total sample) showed more willingness to smoke cigarettes compared with those who had never used any tobacco product; the adjusted OR was 2.35 (95% CI 1.73 to 3.19). SEM showed that the relation between e-cigarette use and willingness to smoke was partly mediated through more positive expectancies about smoking, but there was also a direct path from e-cigarette use to willingness.
CONCLUSIONS: Among adolescent non-smokers, e-cigarette use is associated with willingness to smoke, a predictor of future cigarette smoking. The results suggest that use of e-cigarettes by adolescents is not without attitudinal risk for cigarette smoking. These findings have implications for formulation of policy about access to e-cigarettes by adolescents.
|Domaine :||Tabac / Tobacco|
|Refs biblio. :||46|
|Affiliation :||Prevention and Control Program, University of Hawaii Cancer Center, Honolulu, HI, USA|