|Titre :||Community reductions in youth smoking after raising the minimum tobacco sales age to 21 (2016)|
|Auteurs :||S. KESSEL SCHNEIDER ; S. L. BUKA ; K. DASH ; J. P. WINICKOFF ; L. O'DONNELL|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Tobacco Control (Vol.25, n°3, May 2016)|
|Article en page(s) :||355-359|
|Discipline :||LOI (Loi et son application / Law enforcement)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASETABAC ; AGE MINIMUM LEGAL ; JEUNE ; REDUCTION DE CONSOMMATION ; VENTE ; ENQUETE ; ACHAT ; MODELE STATISTIQUE ; EFFICACITE
OBJECTIVE: Raising the tobacco sales age to 21 has gained support as a promising strategy to reduce youth cigarette access, but there is little direct evidence of its impact on adolescent smoking. Using regional youth survey data, we compared youth smoking trends in Needham, Massachusetts - which raised the minimum purchase age in 2005 - with those of 16 surrounding communities.
METHODS: The MetroWest Adolescent Health Survey is a biennial census survey of high school youth in communities west of Boston; over 16 000 students participated at each of four time points from 2006 to 2012. Using these pooled cross-section data, we used generalised estimating equation models to compare trends in current cigarette smoking and cigarette purchases in Needham relative to 16 comparison communities without similar ordinances. To determine whether trends were specific to tobacco, we also examined trends in youth alcohol use over the same time period.
RESULTS: From 2006 to 2010, the decrease in 30-day smoking in Needham (from 13% to 7%) was significantly greater than in the comparison communities (from 15% to 12%; p<.001 this larger decline was consistent for both genders caucasian and non-caucasian youth grades cigarette purchases among current smokers also declined significantly more in needham than the comparison communities during time. contrast there were no comparable differences alcohol use.> CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that raising the minimum sales age to 21 for tobacco contributes to a greater decline in youth smoking relative to communities that did not pass this ordinance. These findings support local community-level action to raise the tobacco sales age to 21.
|Domaine :||Tabac / Tobacco|
|Refs biblio. :||17|
|Affiliation :||Education Development Center, Inc, Waltham, Massachusetts, USA|