|Titre :||Prevalence and distribution patterns of amphetamine and methamphetamine consumption in a federal state in southwestern Germany using wastewater analysis (2015)|
|Auteurs :||M. R. MEYER ; T. VOLLERTHUN ; R. HASSELBACH|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Drug and Alcohol Dependence (Vol.156, November 2015)|
|Article en page(s) :||311-314|
|Discipline :||PRO (Produits, mode d'action, méthode de dépistage / Substances, action mode, screening methods)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEEAUX USEES ; AMPHETAMINES ; METHAMPHETAMINE ; PREVALENCE ; ABUS ; GEOGRAPHIE ; ANALYSE CHIMIQUE
Background: Wastewater analysis is a new approach developed to estimate drug (of abuse) consumption in large communities, such as cities or even whole countries.
Aims: This paper presents data on the loads of amphetamine and methamphetamine measured in ten wastewater treatment plants in different parts of a German federal state. It provides an estimation of the intensity of the consumption and a comparison to other regions in Germany and Europe.
Methods: Consumption of amphetamine and methamphetamine was estimated by analysis of drug residues in composite 24 h samples of wastewater after mechanical treatment over one week by liquid chromatography-high resolution tandem mass spectrometry. Samples were collected from the inlet of ten wastewater treatment plants (WWTP) in the federal state of Saarland, representing bigger cities (>200,000 inhabitants), medium sized cities (>50,000 inhabitants), small cities (>25,000 inhabitants), and villages ( Results: We observed differences of amphetamine versus methamphetamine loads (expressed as mg/day/1000 inhabitants): Amphetamine loads were much higher in all tested WWTPs indicating a low prevalence of methamphetamine abuse in the federal state of Saarland at the tested period. These findings are in line with previous reports about the distribution of amphetamine and methamphetamine in Germany and Europe.
Conclusions: The approach confirms that wastewater analysis can provide valuable data about the abuse pattern of drugs of abuse in cities and larger areas. It can be useful for planning interventions aimed at specific areas and substances.
Wastewater analysis shown to provide valuable data about the abuse pattern of drugs of abuse.
Confirmed geographical difference in the use of amphetamine-like stimulants.
Data important for planning area and compound focused interventions and precautions.
|Domaine :||Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
|Affiliation :||Department of Experimental and Clinical Toxicology, Saarland University, Homburg, Germany|