|Titre :||What is new on ecstasy in France? Shapes, rates and user perceptions|
|Auteurs :||T. NÉFAU ; M. MARTINEZ ; A. CADET-TAÏROU ; M. GANDILHON ; Réseau TREND ; Dispositif SINTES ; Lisbon Addictions Conference 2015 (23-25 September 2015; Lisbon)|
|Type de document :||Document texte divers|
|Editeur :||Saint-Denis : OFDT, 2015|
|Format :||1 p.|
|Discipline :||EPI (Epidémiologie / Epidemiology)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEECSTASY ; PERCEPTION ; ENQUETE ; PREVALENCE
The tablet form called "ecstasy" experienced a gradual loss of interest during the 00's because of its bad reputation (low purity, scams, "old-fashioned"). After the 2009 shortage, crystal and powder forms saw their availability increase, along with higher purity level, while the tablet form has experienced a comeback since 2013. In 2014, 4.3% of the 18-64-year-olds declared they had experimented MDMA and/or ecstasy in their lifetime vs. 2.7% in 2010. MDMA/ecstasy consumption during the last 12 months concerned 0.9% (400,000 persons) of the 18-64-year-olds, vs 0.3% (150,000 persons) respectively. Moreover, MDMA and/or ecstasy lifetime use at 17 clearly increased, from 1.9% in 2011 to 3.8% in 2014.
To better assess the current composition of the ecstasy on the market, the French Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction launched a tablet collection, including a short survey which provided information on the perceptions of the users about this drug.
Between December 2014 and May 2015, a total of 103 ecstasy tablets were collected and analysed and as many consumers were surveyed. It is to note that much of the survey was conducted in festive scenes which correspond to a particular audience. People among whom the tablets were collected were aged 17 to 50-year-olds (median age was 26) and were mostly men (84%).
|Domaine :||Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
|Sous-type de document :||Poster|
|Refs biblio. :||3|
|Affiliation :||OFDT, France|
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