|Titre :||A gender-based examination of past-year recreational gamblers (2006)|
|Auteurs :||M. N. POTENZA ; P. K. MACIEJEWSKI ; C. M. MAZURE|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Journal of Gambling Studies (Vol.22, n°1, 2006)|
|Article en page(s) :||41-64|
|Discipline :||EPI (Epidémiologie / Epidemiology)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEJEU D'ARGENT ET DE HASARD ; DIFFERENCE DE GENRE ; USAGE RECREATIF ; ADULTE ; ALCOOL ; COMPARAISON ; ENQUETE ; COMPORTEMENT ; SANTE MENTALE
Background: Most adults gamble recreationally yet few studies have systematically investigated for gender-related differences in recreational gamblers.
Methods: Logistic regression analyses were performed on data from a nationally representative sample of respondents from the 1998 Gambling Impact and Behavior Study.
Results: Female gamblers versus non-gamblers were more likely to report use of alcohol and drugs. Male gamblers versus non-gamblers were more likely to report alcohol use and abuse/dependence, any substance abuse/dependence, and lifetime incarceration. An analysis of gambling by gender group interaction effects did not identify significant differences in health-related measures. Male as compared with female gamblers reported beginning gambling earlier, experiencing higher past-year maximal losses and wins, and finding favorite and engaging in different types of gambling.
Conclusions: Despite heavier gambling in male as compared with female recreational gamblers, similar mental health functioning was observed in female and male past-year recreational gamblers. Types of gambling problematic for men and women are reflected in the gambling preferences of recreational gamblers.
|Domaine :||Addictions sans produit / Addictions without drug ; Plusieurs produits / Several products|
|Affiliation :||Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, USA|