|Titre :||Tobacco smoking and cannabis use in a longitudinal birth cohort: Evidence of reciprocal causal relationships (2015)|
|Auteurs :||A. BADIANI ; J. M. BODEN ; S. DE PIRRO ; D. M. FERGUSSON ; L. J. HORWOOD ; G. T. HAROLD|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Drug and Alcohol Dependence (Vol.150, May 2015)|
|Article en page(s) :||69-76|
|Discipline :||EPI (Epidémiologie / Epidemiology)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASECOHORTE ; ETUDE LONGITUDINALE ; TABAC ; CANNABIS ; THEORIE DE L'ESCALADE ; MODELE ; TYPE D'USAGE ; INFLUENCE
Thésaurus GéographiqueNOUVELLE ZELANDE
Background: There is evidence of associations between tobacco and cannabis use that are consistent with both a classical stepping-stone scenario that posits the transition from tobacco use to cannabis use ('gateway' effect of tobacco) and with the reverse process leading from cannabis use to tobacco abuse ('reverse gateway' effect of cannabis). The evidence of direct causal relationships between the two disorders is still missing.
Methods: We analysed data from the Christchurch Health and Development Study (CHDS) longitudinal birth cohort using advanced statistical modelling to control for fixed sources of confounding and to explore causal pathways. The data were analysed using both: (a) conditional fixed effects logistic regression modelling; and (b) a systematic structural equation modelling approach previously developed to investigate psychiatric co-morbidities in the same cohort. Results We found significant (p Conclusions: Our results lend support to the notion of both of 'gateway' and 'reverse gateway' effects. That is, the association between tobacco and cannabis use arises from a reciprocal feedback loop involving simultaneous causation between tobacco use disorder and cannabis use disorder.
Data from a longitudinal birth cohort were used to examine reciprocal causal relationships between cannabis and tobacco use.
Data were analysed using fixed effect logistic regression and structural equation models to determine direction of causality.
The results support both “gateway” and “reverse gateway” hypotheses.
|Domaine :||Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs ; Tabac / Tobacco|
|Affiliation :||Christchurch Health and Development Study, University of Otago, Christchurch School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Christchurch, New Zealand|