|Titre :||Women between normality and dependence: a study of problematic consumption and dependence in women aged 30-50 years (2015)|
|Auteurs :||R. M. PAVARIN ; R. BIOLCATI|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Journal of Substance Use (Vol.20, n°2, April 2015)|
|Article en page(s) :||143-150|
|Discipline :||EPI (Epidémiologie / Epidemiology)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASESEXE FEMININ ; USAGE PROBLEMATIQUE ; DEPENDANCE ; ALCOOL ; TABAC ; CANNABIS ; JEU PATHOLOGIQUE ; ADULTE ; ACHAT COMPULSIF ; PREVALENCE
Introduction: In the field of dependence, there have been few studies on populations of "normal" women.
Aims: To quantify the prevalence of problematic consumption of legal and illegal psychoactive substances, pathological gambling and compulsive buying in a sample of 433 Italian women aged between 30 and 50 years.
Methods: Selection per quota in various shopping malls in Tuscany and Emilia Romagna.
Results: About 13.9% have risk-level alcohol consumption, 9.2% have a medium high level of tobacco addiction, 7.2% tested positive for compulsive shopping, 1.6% have cannabis dependence and 0.5% are pathological gamblers. Multivariate analysis reveals a relationship between high-risk alcohol consumption and cannabis dependence, and between tobacco addiction and compulsive shopping.
Conclusions: The research reveals various consumption profiles and "minor dependences" which appear to be functional to the ways in which this specific target-group faces ordinary everyday life.
|Domaine :||Alcool / Alcohol ; Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs ; Tabac / Tobacco|
|Affiliation :||Epidemiological Monitoring Center on Addiction, DSM-DP, Ausl Bologna, Italy|