|Titre :||Drug-related death: Adulterants from cocaine preparations in lung tissue and blood (2015)|
|Auteurs :||E. PAWLIK ; H. MAHLER ; B. HARTUNG ; G. PLASSER ; T. DALDRUP|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Forensic Science International (Vol.249, April 2015)|
|Article en page(s) :||294-303|
|Discipline :||PRO (Produits, mode d'action, méthode de dépistage / Substances, action mode, screening methods)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASECOCAINE ; MORTALITE ; ADULTERANT ; POUMON ; SANG ; TOXICITE ; ANALYSE CHIMIQUE ; AUTOPSIE
The abuse of drugs such as street cocaine is known to cause a variety of toxic effects, some of which involve the lungs and often induce lethal complications. While the toxicity of cocaine itself is reviewed well, the influence of toxic effects of its adulterants on the human body is not thoroughly studied. Therefore, we examined heart blood, femoral vein blood and lung tissue from 11 cases for typically used adulterants in cocaine preparations and check whether if the concentrations in the lung tissue are higher than in the blood. The adulterants were isolated using solid-phase (SPE) and liquid–liquid extraction (LLE) and quantified via high-pressure-liquid-chromatography-time-of-flight-mass spectrometry (LC/TOF-MS). Five adulterants, i.e., phenacetin, lidocaine, diltiazem, levamisole and hydroxyzine, were detected. We found out that the concentration of these substances was often higher in the lung than in the analogous analysed body fluids. It should therefore be considered whether - for the determination in the cause of death - the lung should be examined in addition to heart blood, urine or brain tissue.
We examine typically used adulterants of cocaine preparations in postmortem samples.
Phenacetin, lidocaine, diltiazem, levamisole and hydroxyzine could be detected.
The adulterant concentrations were often higher in lung tissue than in the blood.
We tried to found possible reason for mixing cocaine with the detected adulterants.
Levamisole and hydroxyzine might play a important role in cocaine intoxications.
|Domaine :||Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
|Refs biblio. :||46|
|Affiliation :||Institute of Legal Medicine, University Hospital Duesseldorf, Duesseldorf, Germany|