|Titre :||Remote age verification to prevent underage alcohol sales. First results from Dutch liquor stores and the economic viability of national adoption (2015)|
|Auteurs :||J. J. VAN HOOF ; B. C. J. VAN VELTHOVEN|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||International Journal of Drug Policy (Vol.26, n°4, April 2015)|
|Article en page(s) :||364-370|
|Discipline :||LOI (Loi et son application / Law enforcement)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEALCOOL ; AGE MINIMUM LEGAL ; VENTE ; DEBIT DE BOISSONS ; ACHAT ; MINEUR ; CONTROLE D'IDENTITE ; COUT ; BENEFICE
Objectives: Alcohol consumption among minors is a popular topic in the public health debate, also in the Netherlands. Compliance with the legal age limits for selling alcohol proves to be rather low. Some Dutch liquor stores (outlets with an exclusive license to sell off-premise drinks with 15% alcohol or more) have recently adopted a remote age verification system. This paper discusses the first results of the use of the system.
Methods: We use data from 67 liquor stores that adopted Ageviewers, a remote age verification system, in 2011. A remote validator judges the customer's age using camera footage and asks for an ID if there is any doubt. The system then sends a signal to the cash register, which approves or rejects the alcohol purchase.
Results: From the 367346 purchase attempts in the database, 8374 were rejected or aborted for age-related reasons. This figure amounts to an average ratio of 1.12 underage alcohol purchase attempts per sales day in each participating liquor store. Scaling up to a national level, the figures suggest at least 1 million underage alcohol purchase attempts per year in Dutch liquor stores.
Discussion: Underage alcohol purchases can be prevented by the nationwide adoption of remote age verification. However, given the lax enforcement of the age limits by the government, adopting such a system on a voluntary basis is generally not in the economic interest of the liquor stores. Obligatory installation of the system in off-premise alcohol outlets may pass a social cost?benefit test if certain conditions are fulfilled.
In this study 367,346 liquor store alcohol purchases were evaluated; 8374 were rejected because of an underage customer.
Transposing data in this study reveals an average of 1.12 underage alcohol purchase attempts in a liquor store every day.
This study shows that a remote age verification system would dramatically increase compliance and decrease availability.
The social costs of alcohol (mis)use would decrease significantly if policies aimed at remote age verification were used.
|Domaine :||Alcool / Alcohol|
|Affiliation :||Faculty of Behavioral Sciences, University of Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands|