|Titre :||Economic evaluation of Suboxone® for substitution treatment of opioid drug dependence in Portugal (2015)|
|Auteurs :||M. GOUVEIA ; R. SOUSA ; J. COSTA ; M. BORGES|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Heroin Addiction and Related Clinical Problems (Vol.17, n°1, March 2015)|
|Article en page(s) :||43-50|
|Discipline :||SAN (Santé publique / Public health)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASECOUT ; EFFICACITE ; EVALUATION ; ECONOMIE ; PRODUIT DE SUBSTITUTION ; TRAITEMENT DE MAINTENANCE ; METHADONE ; OPIOIDES ; NALOXONE ; COMPARAISON ; QUALITE DE VIE ; HEROINE
Background: According to a recent Portuguese study the prevalence of lifetime consumption of heroin in the global population (age range: 15-74 years) is 0.5%. Methadone is the standard pharmacological treatment, while buprenorphine has been available since 1999 as an alternative treatment. Nevertheless, no comparative economic evaluation of the cost-effectiveness of these therapies has been made available.
Aim: This study estimates the cost-effectiveness and cost-utility of a fixed dose combination of buprenorphine-naloxone (B/N) versus methadone as substitution treatments for opioid drug dependence from the Portuguese social perspective.
Material and Methods: The comparator for B/N was methadone treatment, which is the most common pharmacological therapy and current clinical practice in Portugal. Health gains were measured using the number of heroin-free days per year (indicator of effectiveness) and quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) associated with each treatment. Estimated costs included acquisition, preparation and transport of medication; costs of dispensing and supervision of administration; costs arising from the periodic monitoring of patients and the nonmedical direct costs of crime associated with drug addiction.
Results: The B/N combination is associated with an incremental cost-utility ratio of €5,914 per QALY gained. The B/N combination is dominant when the analysis includes costs of crime associated with drug addiction.
Conclusions: The results suggest that this combination is cost-effective and has the potential to generate health gains in the target population at a low cost.
|Domaine :||Autres substances / Other substances ; Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
|Refs biblio. :||38|
|Affiliation :||Católica Lisbon School of Business and Economics, Lisbon, Portugal|