|Titre :||The relationship between alcohol taxes and binge drinking: evaluating new tax measures incorporating multiple tax and beverage types (2015)|
|Auteurs :||Z. XUAN ; F. J. CHALOUPKA ; J. G. BLANCHETTE ; T. H. NGUYEN ; T. C. HEEREN ; T. F. NELSON ; T. S. NAIMI|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Addiction (Vol.110, n°3, March 2015)|
|Article en page(s) :||441-450|
|Discipline :||SAN (Santé publique / Public health)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEALCOOL ; BOISSON ALCOOLISEE ; TAXE ; ABUS ; ELASTICITE ; PRIX
Aims: U.S. studies contribute heavily to the literature about the tax elasticity of demand for alcohol, and most U.S. studies have relied upon specific excise (volume-based) taxes for beer as a proxy for alcohol taxes. The purpose of this paper was to compare this conventional alcohol tax measure with more comprehensive tax measures (incorporating multiple tax and beverage types) in analyses of the relationship between alcohol taxes and adult binge drinking prevalence in U.S. states.
Design: Data on U.S. state excise, ad valorem and sales taxes from 2001 to 2010 were obtained from the Alcohol Policy Information System and other sources. For 510 state-year strata, we developed a series of weighted tax-per-drink measures that incorporated various combinations of tax and beverage types, and related these measures to state-level adult binge drinking prevalence data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System surveys.
Findings: In analyses pooled across all years, models using the combined tax measure explained approximately 20% of state binge drinking prevalence, and documented more negative tax elasticity (-0.09, P = 0.02 versus -0.005, P = 0.63) and price elasticity (-1.40, P Conclusions: Compared with volume-based tax measures, combined tax measures (i.e. those incorporating volume-based tax and value-based taxes) yield substantial improvement in model fit and find more negative tax elasticity and price elasticity predicting adult binge drinking prevalence in U.S. states.
|Domaine :||Alcool / Alcohol|
|Refs biblio. :||41|
|Affiliation :||Department of Community Health Sciences, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA|