|Titre :||The association between family affluence and smoking among 15-year-old adolescents in 33 European countries, Israel and Canada: the role of national wealth (2015)|
|Auteurs :||T. K. PFÖRTNER ; I. MOOR ; K. RATHMANN ; A. HUBLET ; M. MOLCHO ; A. E. KUNST ; M. RICHTER|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Addiction (Vol.110, n°1, January 2015)|
|Article en page(s) :||162-173|
|Discipline :||EPI (Epidémiologie / Epidemiology)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEPRECOCITE ; HBSC ; TABAC ; ADOLESCENT ; FAMILLE ; CATEGORIE SOCIO-PROFESSIONNELLE ; COMPARAISON ; SANTE PUBLIQUE
Thésaurus GéographiqueEUROPE ; CANADA ; ISRAEL
Aims: To examine the role of national wealth in the association between family affluence and adolescent weekly smoking, early smoking behaviour and weekly smoking among former experimenters.
Design and Participants: Data were used from the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study conducted in 2005/2006 in 35 countries from Europe and North America that comprises 60 490 students aged 15 years. Multi-level logistic regression was conducted using Markov chain Monte Carlo methods (MCMC) to explore whether associations between family affluence and smoking outcomes were dependent upon national wealth.
Measurement: Family Affluence Scale (FAS) as an indicator for the socio-economic position of students. Current weekly smoking behaviour is defined as at least weekly smoking (dichotomous). Early smoking behaviour is measured by smoking more than a first puff before age 13 years (dichotomous). Weekly smoking among former experimenters is restricted to those who had tried a first puff in the past.
Findings: The logistic multi-level models indicated an association of family affluence with current weekly smoking [odds ratio (OR) = 1.088; 95% credible interval (CrI) = 1.055-1.121, P Conclusions: The difference in smoking prevalence between rich and poor is greater in more affluent countries.
|Domaine :||Tabac / Tobacco|
|Refs biblio. :||84|
|Affiliation :||Institute of Medical Sociology, Health Services Research, and Rehabilitation Science, Medical Faculty, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany|