|Titre :||The impact of the prohibition of benzylpiperazine (BZP) "legal highs" on the availability, price and strength of BZP in New Zealand (2014)|
|Auteurs :||C. WILKINS ; P. SWEETSUR ; K. PARKER|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Drug and Alcohol Dependence (Vol.144, November 2014)|
|Article en page(s) :||47-52|
|Discipline :||MAR (Marché de la drogue / Drug market)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEREGLEMENTATION ; PROHIBITION ; BZP ; MARCHE DE LA DROGUE ; DROGUES DE SYNTHESE ; DIFFUSION DES PRODUITS
Thésaurus GéographiqueNOUVELLE ZELANDE
Background: Legal highs containing benzylpiperazine (BZP) were widely sold in New Zealand until BZP was prohibited in 2008. We examined the impact the prohibition had on the availability and price of BZP over following years.
Methods: Two national population surveys of BZP use were conducted in 2006 and 2009. Four annual targeted surveys of frequent drug users (FDU) were conducted from 2007–2010. Availability and price measures were obtained. Inflation-adjusted real retail prices were calculated. Other drug markets were monitored as quasi-controls.
Results: The proportion of BZP users from the general population who considered the availability of BZP to be 'very easy' declined from 76% in 2006 to 21% in 2009. The proportion who thought BZP had become 'harder' to obtain increased from 5% in 2006 to 71% in 2009. The proportion who reported the price of BZP was 'higher' increased from 27% in 2006 to 51% in 2009. FDU who considered the availability of BZP to be 'very easy' declined from 98% in 2007 to 15% in 2008, and then increased to 42% by 2010. The real retail price of a BZP tablet increased from $9.86 in 2007 to $15.83 in 2010. The proportion who considered the price of BZP to be 'increasing' rose from 3% in 2007 to 47% in 2010.
Conclusions: The availability of BZP declined immediately following its prohibition. Availability recovered in subsequent years, but not to the pre-prohibition legal level. The price of BZP increased slowly over a number of years following the prohibition.
We investigated the impact the prohibition of BZP had on the availability, price and strength of BZP over four years.
Data from both a national household survey and convenience survey of frequent drug users were examined.
The availability of BZP declined immediately following its prohibition.
Availability recovered in subsequent years, but not to the pre-prohibition legal level.
The price of BZP increased slowly over a number of years following the prohibition.
|Domaine :||Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
|Affiliation :||Social and Health Outcomes Research and Evaluation (SHORE), SHORE and Whariki Research Centre, School of Public Health, Massey University, Auckland, New Zealand|