|Titre :||Analytical profiles of "legal highs" containing cathinones available in the area of Lisbon, Portugal (2014)|
|Auteurs :||V. M. R. ZANCAJO ; J. BRITO ; M. P. CARRASCO ; M. R. BRONZE ; R. MOREIRA ; A. LOPES|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Forensic Science International (Vol.244, November 2014)|
|Article en page(s) :||102-110|
|Discipline :||PRO (Produits, mode d'action, méthode de dépistage / Substances, action mode, screening methods)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEDROGUES DE SYNTHESE ; ANALYSE CHIMIQUE ; CATHINONES ; TOXICOLOGIE
Thirteen "legal highs" were purchased in different "smart shops" in the area of Lisbon, Portugal, during the month of February 2013. The samples were analyzed by a battery of analytical methods including Fourier transform infra-red (FTIR), gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (GC-MS), proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR) and wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence (WD-XRF). Active ingredients were found either as single component or in mixtures in the different products. The cathinone derivative methedrone was present in three products; it is suspected to have a particular high toxicity and narrow therapeutic window linked with the methoxy group. A total of seven compounds were identified: 4-fluoromethcathinone, ethcathinone, buphedrone, methedrone, pentedrone, 3,4-dimethylmethcathinone and 4-methylethcathinone. Analytical profiles of all the samples were obtained and compared. Elemental composition of the products was obtained by XRF analysis. The inorganic profiles obtained contain useful information and can be used to distinguish and classify samples according to their origin.
We produced a snapshot of the availability of "legal highs" in Portugal.
Analytical data of the novel psychoactive substances identified are presented.
Methedrone, a special case of toxicity of cathinones, was found in three samples.
Elemental composition of samples was obtained by XRF.
Inorganic profiles can be used to identify common origin of samples.
|Domaine :||Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
|Affiliation :||Instituto Superior de Ciências da Saúde Egas Moniz, Caparica, Portugal|