|Titre :||Country- and individual-level determinants of probable problematic gambling in adolescence: a multi-level cross-national comparison (2014)|
|Auteurs :||S. MOLINARO ; N. CANALE ; A. VIENO ; M. LENZI ; V. SICILIANO ; M. GORI ; M. SANTINELLO|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Addiction (Vol.109, n°12, December 2014)|
|Article en page(s) :||2089-2097|
|Discipline :||EPI (Epidémiologie / Epidemiology)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEESPAD ; ADOLESCENT ; JEU PATHOLOGIQUE ; COMPARAISON ; DEPENSES DE SANTE ; FAMILLE ; PARENTALITE ; PREVALENCE
Aims: To estimate the role of family and socio-economic indicators of welfare state in accounting for probable problem gambling during adolescence in a representative sample of students living in nine European countries.
Design: Data from the 2011 European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs (ESPAD) Study were used for cross-sectional analyses of adolescent probable problem gambling. Setting Representative surveys in nine European countries.
Participants: A total of 31 236 16-year-old students.
Measurements: Respondents' probable problem gambling, socio-demographic characteristics and parenting (regulation, monitoring and caring) were measured individually. Indicators of wealth (gross domestic product per capita, GDP), expenditure on public health (% GDP) and benefit in kind for families/children (% GDP) were obtained from national public databases.
Findings: Students who perceived more parental caring [odds ratio (OR) = 0.92, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.85-0.98] and monitoring (OR = 0.57, 95% CI = 0.53-0.62) reported less involvement in probable problem gambling. Moreover, students who perceived stronger parental regulation (OR = 1.16, 95% CI = 1.09-1.23) were more likely to be possible problematic gamblers. At the country level, expenditure on public health was associated negatively with probable problem gambling (OR = 0.87, 95% CI = 0.78-0.97), whereas GDP per capita (OR = 1, 95% CI = 1.00-1.00) and the benefits in kind for families/children (OR = 1.16, 95% CI = 0.89-1.51) showed no association with probable problem gambling.
Conclusions: Family characteristics and expenditure on public health may play a key role in explaining probable problem gambling among adolescents in Europe.
|Domaine :||Addictions sans produit / Addictions without drug|
|Refs biblio. :||44|
|Affiliation :||National Research Council, Clinical Physiology Institute, Pisa, Italy|